Public Policies and the Employment Dynamics among new Mothers – A Comparison of Finland, Norway and Sweden
AbstractThis paper compares the employment patterns of women after first and second birth in Finland, Norway and Sweden during 1972-92, focusing on the impact of parental leave and childcare programs on the transitions to full-time and part-time work. The results unanimously point to the great importance of the programs. Women who are entitled to a paid leave resume employment faster than non-eligible women. As leave periods are prolonged the difference between the two groups diminishes but still prevails in the end of the study period. The higher entry risks for entitled mothers remain after controlling for own wage and spouse’s income.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 263.
Date of creation: Nov 1999
Date of revision:
Female labor supply; maternity/parental leave; childcare; childbirth; hazard rate model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
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