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Job Creation, Job Destruction and Plant Turnover in Norwegian Manufacturing

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Author Info

  • Tor Jakob Klette
  • Astrid Mathiassen

    ()
    (Statistics Norway)

Abstract

The labour market in Norway, as in other Scandinavian countries, is often claimed to be overregulated and incapable of adjustment to changes in job opportunities. The results presented in this paper suggest to the contrary that in terms of job creation and job reallocation between plants, the manufacturing sector in Norway is surprisingly flexible, and similar to the manufacturing sector in other OECD countries such as the U.S. We show that 8.4 percent of the manufacturing jobs are eliminated annually, while new jobs constitute 7.1 percent of manufacturing employment, in an average year. Even in a serious recession year, a considerable number of new jobs are created. The paper also examines job creation in small versus large plants (and firms), as well as young versus old plants. The results provide support to selection models a la Jovanovic (1982), while vintage-capital models seem to be largely irrelevant as models of plant heterogeneity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 136.

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Date of creation: Feb 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:136

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Related research

Keywords: Job creation; job destruction; entry and exit.;

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Cited by:
  1. Erling Holmøy & Torbjørn Hægeland, 2000. "Aggregate Productivity and Heterogeneous Firms," Discussion Papers 266, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  2. Kjell G. Salvanes & Svein Erik Førre, 2001. "Job Creation, Heterogeneous Workers and Technical Change: Matched Worker/Plant Data Evidence from Norway," Discussion Papers 304, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  3. David B. Audretsch & Mark Sanders, 2007. "Globalization and the Rise of the Entrepreneurial Economy," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-003, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  4. Erling Holmøy & Torbjørn Hægeland, 1997. "Aggregate Productivity Effects of Technology Shocks in a Model of Heterogeneous Firms: The Importance of Equilibrium Adjustments," Discussion Papers 198, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  5. David B. Audretsch & Max Keilbach, 2006. "Entrepreneurship, Growth and Restructuring," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2006-13, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  6. Hilde Christiane Bjørnland, 1996. "Sources of Business Cycles in Energy Producing Economies – The case of Norway and United Kingdom," Discussion Papers 179, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  7. Massimo FLORIO & Emanuele OZZIMO, 2006. "Innovation strategies for SMEs and clusters: the challenges of a globalised Europe," Departmental Working Papers 2006-16, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  8. Taran Fæhn & Erling Holmøy, 1999. "Welfare Effects of Trade Liberalisation in Distorted Economies A Dynamic General Equilibrium Assessment for Norway," Discussion Papers 251, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  9. Erling Holmøy, 2003. "Aggregate Industry Behaviour in a Monopolistic Competition Model with Heterogeneous Firms," Discussion Papers 352, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  10. Taran Fæhn & Erling Holmøy, 2001. "Trade Liberalisation and Effects on Pollutive Emissions and Waste A General Equilibrium Assessment for Norway," Discussion Papers 298, Research Department of Statistics Norway.

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