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The Chemical Sector al System. Firms, markets, institutions and the processes of knowledge creation and diffusion

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  • Fabrizio Cesaroni
  • Alfonso Gambardella
  • Walter Garcia-Fontes
  • Myriam Mariani

Abstract

According to the Sectoral Systems of Innovation and Production approach, the analysis of a specific sector has to describe its knowledge and technological base, existing complementarities among knowledge, technologies and products, the heterogeneity of agents, their learning processes and competencies, the role of non-firm organisations, and the presence of (co)evolutionary processes. This study applies this theoretical framework to the chemical industry, and examines evolution and co-evolution processes that have characterised this industry over its 200 years history. It emerges a strong dichotomy in industry dynamics. On the one hand, big discontinuities can be observed in knowledge and technological dimensions, which implied a major change in industry structure and a growing division of labour at the industry level. On the other hand, a big continuity can be observed as well, mainly in companies life. Indeed, one important feature of the chemical industry is that between small and large companies, markets, research institutions and other organisations there has been a continuous process of co-evolution, with firms playing the central role within the chemical system.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy in its series LEM Papers Series with number 2001/17.

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Date of creation: 28 Dec 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ssa:lemwps:2001/17

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Keywords: Chemical Industry; Industry Dynamics; Networks; Markets for Technology; Division of Innovative Labour; Networks of Inventors; Patents; Technology Licensing.;

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Cited by:
  1. TUNCEL, Cem Okan, 2012. "Sectoral System of Innovation and Exploring Technological Upgrading Strategies in Late-Industrializing Countries," MPRA Paper 40843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Marco Bellucci, 2010. "Fusioni ed acquisizioni: determinanti ed effetti in un confronto europeo," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica 80/2010, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica.
  3. Vanhaverbeke, W.P.M. & Beerkens, B.E. & Duysters, G.M., 2003. "Explorative and exploitative learning strategies in technology-based alliance networks," Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) working paper series 03.22, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS).
  4. Marie-Claude BELIS-BERGOUIGNAN (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "An evolutionist analysis of sectoral dynamics (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-18, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  5. Damiani, Mirella & Pompei, Fabrizio, 2008. "Mergers, acquisitions and technological regimes: the European experience over the period 2002- 2005," MPRA Paper 8226, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Michael Rothgang, 2008. "Das Innovationsgeschehen in NRW – Eine Analyse der forschungsaktiven Sektoren," RWI Materialien, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 85, 04.
  7. Elias Carayannis & David Campbell, 2011. "Open Innovation Diplomacy and a 21st Century Fractal Research, Education and Innovation (FREIE) Ecosystem: Building on the Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Concepts and the “Mode 3” Knowle," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 327-372, September.

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