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Niveau et coût du protectionnisme européen

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  • Patrick Messerlin

    (Groupe d'économie mondiale)

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    Abstract

    L’article commence par estimer le niveau et les coûts de la protection en Europe. Le niveau moyen de protection (droits de douane et principales barrières non-tarifaires) est de 12 % environ (contre 14 % jusqu’en 1997) avec des pics élevés pour les produits agricoles et certains biens industriels. Le coût de cette protection pour les consommateurs européens est estime à 7 % du PNB européen, soit l’équivalent du PNB espagnol. L’article présente ensuite les principaux aspects de la politique commerciale de la Communauté en ce début du Doha Round. Il propose des recommandations – passer à une politique agricole différenciée selon les grandes et petites fermes, combiner libéralisations intra- et extra-EC dans les services en tirant les leçons de l’échec du Marché unique en ce domaine, introduire la notion de “réciprocité limitée” dans les relations commerciales avec les pays ACP, lancer des négociations sur la prohibition des cartels à l’exportation, etc. Toutes ces recommandations visent à recentrer la politique commerciale de la Communauté sur l’accès au marché, un point central si l’Europe, comme elle l’affirme, veut faire du Doha Round un Round pour le développement.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/8085.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Publication status: Published in Economie internationale, 2002, pp.19-38
    Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/8085

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    Related research

    Keywords: Communauté européenne; négociations à l’OMC; politique commerciale; European Community; Trade Policy; WTO Negotiations;

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