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Les pôles de compétitivité : que peut-on en attendre?

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Author Info

  • Gilles Duranton

    (Department of Economics)

  • Philippe Martin
  • Thierry Mayer
  • Florian Mayneris

    (Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

Abstract

Le 12 juillet 2005, le gouvernement a labellisé 67 « pôles de compétitivité » ou clusters. Ils sont aujourd'hui au nombre de 71. La politique d'aménagement du territoire est passée d'une intervention publique destinée à aider les régions en difficulté à une politique visant à encourager les plus dynamiques. Un objectif d'efficacité s'est ainsi substitué à un objectif d'équité. Sur quoi se fonde-t-il ? Sur l'idée que le regroupement des activités de production et de recherche permet d'améliorer la productivité des entreprises. Les clusters, pourtant, ne se décrètent pas, car ils obéissent à des mécanismes complexes. À contre-courant de l'enthousiasme que suscite le soutien aux clusters, cette étude montre qu'une telle politique peut en réalité avoir des effets négatifs: une trop grande spécialisation rend les régions tributaires du destin d'un secteur, en particulier lorsque les travailleurs sont peu mobiles, comme c'est le cas en France.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/6rdpfcd6cascntc9gd4qicdj7/resources/opus10.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/6rdpfcd6cascntc9gd4qicdj7.

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Length: 84 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6rdpfcd6cascntc9gd4qicdj7

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Cited by:
  1. Hairault, Jean-Olivier, 2012. "Pour l’emploi des seniors — Assurance chômage et licenciements," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 28, May.
  2. Bach, Laurent, 2012. "Faut-il abolir le cumul des mandats?," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 27, May.
  3. Masson, André & Arrondel, Luc, 2011. "L'épargnant dans un monde en crise. Ce qui a changé," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/7001, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Weber, Florence, 2011. "Handicap et dépendance — Drames humains, enjeux politiques," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 24, May.
  5. Amable, Bruno & Guillaud, Elvire & Palombarini, Stefano, 2012. "L’économie politique du néolibéralisme – Le cas de la France et de l’Italie," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 26, May.
  6. Rafal Kierzenkowski, 2009. "The Challenge of Restoring French Competitiveness," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 720, OECD Publishing.
  7. Christian Defélix & Ingrid Mazzilli & Didier Retour & Thierry Picq, 2009. "Piloter les projets d’innovation au sein des pôles de compétitivité:des leviers managériaux et humains," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, revues.org, vol. 12(4), pages 85-113, December.
  8. Ion Lucian Ceapraz, 2011. "Building social capital in French “Poles d’Excellence Ruraleâ€Â: the “rural excellency†as a modus vivendi for rural development," ERSA conference papers ersa11p302, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Lefebvre, Mathieu & Pestieau, Pierre, 2012. "L'État-providence en Europe – Performance et dumping social," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 29, May.

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