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Promouvoir la croissance en Europe : vérités et mystifications. Critique du rapport d'A. Sapir présenté à la Commission européenne en juillet 2003 : 'An Agenda for a Growing Europe. Making the EU Economic System Deliver'

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  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

Abstract

Le rapport pour la Commission européenne « An Agenda for a Growing Europe, Making the EU Economic System Deliver » propose un diagnostic de la situation européenne qui repose sur la distinction entre deux régimes technologiques, l’un fondé sur l’imitation, l’autre sur l’innovation. L’un et l’autre sont censés requérir des institutions différentes pour permettre une croissance forte et stable. Le premier caractériserait des pays en phase de rattrapage et exigerait des arrangements de long terme entre les différents acteurs. Le second caractériserait des pays à la frontière du développement technologique et exigerait des institutions et des règles garantissant concurrence, flexibilité et sélection. Dans ce contexte, le blocage institutionnel dont souffrirait la plupart des pays de l’Union européenne aurait une double conséquence. Il expliquerait leur faible croissance et leur taux de chômage élevé. Il expliquerait, en outre, les conflits entre objectifs de croissance, de stabilité et de cohésion. Seules des réformes structurelles des marchés et du budget européen et la constitution d’autorités indépendantes en charge, chacune, d’un objectif unique, permettraient de constituer le système requis, fondé sur une dé-intégration des firmes, une plus grande mobilité dans et entre les firmes, une plus grande flexibilité des marchés de travail, un financement plus important par actions, un investissement plus élevé en R&D et en éducation (...).

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/6490.

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Date of creation: Oct 2003
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Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2003, pp.205-226
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6490

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  1. Marie Amendola & Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2003. "Persistent unemployment and co-ordination issues: an evolutionary perspective," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 1-27, 02.
  2. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 2004. "Macroeconomic Fluctuations and the Timing of Labor Market Reform," IDEI Working Papers 314, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  3. Solow,Robert M., 1998. "Monopolistic Competition and Macroeconomic Theory," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521626163, April.
  4. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2002. "Vertical Integration and Distance to Frontier," NBER Working Papers 9191, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Hicks, John, 1989. "A Market Theory of Money," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287247, September.
  6. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1988. "Multiple Expectational Equilibria under Monopolistic Competition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 103(4), pages 695-713, November.
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