Storm Protection by Mangroves in Orissa: An Analysis of the 1999 Super Cyclone
AbstractThis study assesses the storm protection role afforded by mangroves. It uses data on human casualties, damages to houses and livestock losses suffered in the Kendrapada district of the State of Orissa during the super cyclone of October 1999. The cyclone (of T 7 category) devastated 12 of the 30 districts of Orissa causing 9,893 human casualties and 441,531 livestock deaths, and damaging 1,958,351 houses and 1,843,047 hectares of crop.The analysis incorporates meteorological, geo-physical and socio-economic factors to separate out the impact of mangrove vegetation on cyclone damage. The results indicate that the mangroves significantly reduced human death and seemed more effective in saving lives (both human as well as animals) than in reducing damage to static property. While there was significant reduction due to mangroves in damage to residential houses and to big animals like cattle and buffaloes, these results were not robust. If the width of the mangrove forest was 10% more that what it was at the time of the cyclone, human casualties would have been lower by 12.48 %, buffalo loss by 6.6 %, cattle loss by 2.23 % and fully collapsed houses by 2.21%. Factors like land elevation, immovable asset holdings, etc., too, had decisive effects on human casualties in the storm surge affected areas.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics in its series Working papers with number 56.
Date of creation:
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics PO Box: 8975, EPC: 1056 Kathmandu, Nepal
Mangrove cyclone protection; storm surge; human casualty function; house damage; livestock loss; wind velocity.;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Eatzaz Ahmed & Abdul Sattar, 2007. "Awareness and the Demand of Safe Drinking Water Practices," Development Economics Working Papers 22182, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anuradhak).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.