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The Apprenticeship System in Canada: Trends and Issues

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  • Andrew Sharpe

    ()

  • James Gibson

Abstract

This report provides an overview of the trends and issues related to the apprenticeship system in Canada. It first discusses theoretical perspectives on apprenticeship, then reviews the institutional features of apprenticeship systems in Canada and in other countries. The report concludes that the market for apprenticeship is principally constrained by employer demand rather than by the supply of potential apprentices. Consequently, it proposes reforms based on three main principles: apprenticeship programs should focus on improving the quality rather than the quantity of potential apprentices; financial incentives should be primarily directed towards firms; and strong apprenticeship sectoral committees are important in improving apprenticeship training and helping employers make investments in apprentices.

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File URL: http://www.csls.ca/reports/csls2005-04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for the Study of Living Standards in its series CSLS Research Reports with number 2005-04.

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Date of creation: Apr 2005
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Handle: RePEc:sls:resrep:0504

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Keywords: Apprenticeship; Apprenticeship system; School-to-work transition; Registration; Completion; Apprentice; Apprenticeship training;

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References

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  1. Redding, Stephen, 1996. "The Low-Skill, Low-Quality Trap: Strategic Complementarities between Human Capital and R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(435), pages 458-70, March.
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  3. Daron Acemoglu & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 1998. "The Structure of Wages and Investment in General Training," NBER Working Papers 6357, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Stevens, Margaret, 2001. "Should Firms Be Required to Pay for Vocational Training?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(473), pages 485-505, July.
  5. Damon Clark & René Fahr, 2002. "The Promise of Workplace Training for Non-College Bound Youth: Theory and Evidence from German Apprenticeship," CEP Discussion Papers dp0518, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  6. Hilary Steedman, 2001. "Benchmarking apprenticeship: UK and continental Europe compared," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20098, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  7. Malcomson, James M. & Maw, James W. & McCormick, Barry, 2003. "General training by firms, apprentice contracts, and public policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 197-227, April.
  8. Euwals, Rob & Winkelmann, Rainer, 2001. "Why do Firms Train? Empirical Evidence on the First Labour Market Outcomes of Graduate Apprentices," CEPR Discussion Papers 2880, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Booth, Alison L & Satchell, Stephen E, 1994. "Apprenticeships and Job Tenure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(4), pages 676-95, October.
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  15. Andrew Sharpe, 1999. "Apprenticeship in Canada: A Training System Under Siege?," CSLS Research Reports 99ap, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  16. Hilary Steedman, 2001. "Benchmarking Apprenticeship: UK and Continental Europe Compared," CEP Discussion Papers dp0513, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  17. Loewenstein, Mark A & Spletzer, James R, 1998. "Dividing the Costs and Returns to General Training," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 142-71, January.
  18. Stevens, Margaret, 1999. "Human Capital Theory and UK Vocational Training Policy," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 16-32, Spring.
  19. Christine Greenhalgh, 2002. "Does an employer training levy work? The incidence of and returns to adult vocational training in France and Britain," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 23(2), pages 223-263, September.
  20. Claude Montmarquette & David Boisclair, 2004. "Post-Secondary Educational Institutions’ Adjustment to Labour Market Changes : Major Concerns and Key Research Issues," CIRANO Project Reports 2004rp-16, CIRANO.
  21. Stevens, Margaret, 1994. "An Investment Model for the Supply of Training by Employers," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(424), pages 556-70, May.
  22. Greenhalgh, Christine, 1999. "Adult Vocational Training and Government Policy in France and Britain," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 97-113, Spring.
  23. Marcel Boyer & Véronique Le Gallo & Claude Montmarquette, 1999. "Analyse critique des méthodes et instruments actuels de mesure de la prévision de l'offre et de la demande de main-d'oeuvre hautement qualifiée," CIRANO Project Reports 1999rp-13, CIRANO.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Campolieti, Michele & Fang, Tony & Gunderson, Morley, 2009. "Labour Market Outcomes and Skills Acquisition of High-School Dropouts," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2009-25, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 15 Mar 2009.
  2. McDonald, James Ted & Worswick, Christopher, 2011. "Incidence and Returns to Apprenticeship Training in Canada: the Role of Family Background and Immigrant Status," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2011-3, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 27 Jan 2011.
  3. Gunderson, Morley & Krashinsky, Harry, 2012. "Returns to Apprenticeship: Analysis based on the 2006 Census," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2012-17, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 27 Apr 2012.

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