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Sectoral Price Changes and Output Growth: Supply and Demand in General Equilibrium

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  • Nathan S. Balke

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Southern Methodist University)

  • Hiranya K. Nath

    ()
    (Department of Economics and International Business, Sam Houston State University)

Abstract

Price changes and output growth, both at the aggregate and the sectoral level, appear to be negatively correlated. At a basic level, this suggests that sectoral “supply” shocks are more prevalent than sectoral “demand” shocks. However, it is not clear what these sectoral price-output correlations mean once one thinks in terms of general equilibrium. To help us understand the implication of these price-output correlations, this paper examines a multi-sector dynamic general equilibrium model that includes sectoral technology shocks and sectoral demand shocks, as well as aggregate money growth shocks. We show that while a model driven solely by sectoral technology shocks can generate “plausible” price-output correlations, “demand” shocks, particularly sectoral demand shocks, are needed for the model to generate the sectoral price-output correlations observed in the data. We also show that technology shocks do not always look like “supply” shocks. Positive technology shocks to sectors producing goods that are used for investment frequently result in increases in output and prices in other sectors while positive technology shocks to sectors producing goods that are used primarily as intermediate inputs look like supply shocks in other sectors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business in its series Working Papers with number 0604.

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Date of creation: Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:shs:wpaper:0604

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Cited by:
  1. Hiranya Nath, 2004. "Relative importance of sectoral and aggregate sources of price changes," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(16), pages 1781-1796.
  2. Balke, Nathan S. & Wynne, Mark A., 2007. "The relative price effects of monetary shocks," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 19-36, March.
  3. George K Davis & Bryce E. Kanago, 2005. "Mismatching Measures of Output and Prices: Implications for Measuring the Comovement of Prices and Output," Macroeconomics 0501005, EconWPA.

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