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Insécurité alimentaire en milieu urbain et rural au Sénégal : les mêmes causes créent-elles les mêmes effets ?


Author Info

  • François Joseph Cabral

    (Université Cheikh Anta DIOP, Université Polytechnique de Thiès, CRES et GREDI)


L’objet de cet article est de vérifier si les facteurs d’insécurité alimentaire qui exercent une influence clé en milieu urbain ont un impact tout aussi significatif en milieu rural au Sénégal. A cette fin, un modèle logit binomial appliqué aux données de l’enquête ménage du Sénégal (Esam I) est utilisé afin d’identifier les déterminants qui influencent le plus la probabilité d’insécurité alimentaire dans ces zones. Les résultats de l’analyse montrent que tous les déterminants clés de l’insécurité alimentaire dans l’une des zones n’ont pas une influence tout aussi significative dans l’autre. L’appartenance au groupe des « cadres supérieurs », de l’accès à des revenus tirés de l’élevage et aux transferts se révèlent être des déterminants spécifiques au milieu rural. L’influence significative de l’âge, de l’expérience, de l’appartenance au groupe des « chômeurs » ou d’un niveau d’instruction du chef de ménage équivalent au secondaire est, quant à elle, circonscrite à la zone urbaine. Seuls la taille, le comportement d’autoconsommation, le statut de non-agriculteur et la zone de résidence du chef de ménage exercent un poids significatif à la fois en milieu rural et urbain.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 08-12.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:08-12

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Postal: Sherbrooke, Québec, J1K 2R1
Phone: (819) 821-7233
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Keywords: Insécurité alimentaire; pauvreté; secteur rural; modèle logit;

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  1. Valdes, Alberto, 1993. "The macroeconomic environment necessary for agricultural trade and price policy reforms," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 272-282, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Luc Savard, 2008. "The Food Crisis and its Impacts on Poverty in Senegal and Mali: Crossed Destinies," Cahiers de recherche 08-20, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke, revised 08 May 2009.
  2. Resnick, Danielle, 2013. "Personalistic policy-making in a vibrant democracy: Senegal.s fragmented response to the 2007/08 food price crisis," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).


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