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Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée

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Author Info

  • Stéphane Mussard

    ()
    (CEPS/INSTEAD, GREDI, Université de Sherbrooke and GEREM, Université de Perpignan)

  • Bernard Philippe

    ()
    (GEREM, Université de Perpignan)

Abstract

Au cours de la période 1961/2000, pourquoi la tendance à la hausse des taux de chômage s’est-elle inversée dans des économies « anglo-saxonnes » comme les États-Unis et le Royaume-Uni et pas dans des économies « continentales » telles que l’Allemagne, la France et l’Italie ? Nous soutenons que cette inversion ne peut pas être imputée au fait que ces dernières auraient maîtrisé leurs coûts salariaux unitaires moins bien que les premières. Pour défendre ce point de vue, nous commençons par expliquer comment et pourquoi nous sommes incités à nous intéresser aux déterminants d’un indicateur statistique : le taux de croissance du taux de marge. Afin d’évaluer l’influence exercée sur ce taux par chacun de ses déterminants au cours de la période 1961-2000, nous utilisons la fonction valeur de Shapley de manière particulière : en tant qu’outil permettant de décomposer un indicateur diachronique déterminé par une structure multiplicative.

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File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0714.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 07-14.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:07-14

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Keywords: Cout salarial unitaire; Decomposition; Shapley; Taux de chomage; Taux de marge;

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References

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  1. F. Chantreuil & A. Trannoy, 1999. "Inequality decomposition values : the trade-off between marginality and consistency," THEMA Working Papers 99-24, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. Olivier Blanchard, 1998. "Revisiting European Unemployment: Unemployment, Capital Accumulation, and Factor Prices," NBER Working Papers 6566, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Mussard, Stephane & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2006. "On multi-decomposition of the aggregate Malmquist productivity index," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(3), pages 436-443, June.
  4. Silber, Jacques, 2004. "Inequalities: theory, experiments and applications," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 813-821, September.
  5. Mercedes Sastre & Alain Trannoy, 2002. "Shapley inequality decomposition by factor components: Some methodological issues," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 51-89, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Pavlopoulos, Dimitris & Fouarge, Didier & Muffels, Ruud & Vermunt, Jeroen K., 2007. "Who benefits from a job change: The dwarfs or the giants?," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-16, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  2. Prejmerean, Mihaela Cornelia & Vasilache, Simona, 2008. "What's a university worth? Changes in the lifestyle and status of post-2000 European Graduates," IRISS Working Paper Series 2008-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  3. Lilla, Marco, 2007. "Income Inequality and Education Premia," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-11, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  4. Corsini, Lorenzo, 2008. "Institutions, Technological Change and the Wage Differentials Between Skilled and Unskilled Workers: Theory and Evidence from Europe," IRISS Working Paper Series 2008-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  5. Martin, Ludivine, 2007. "The impact of technological changes on incentives and motivations to work hard," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-15, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.

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