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L'impact des transferts publics et des taxes sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux États Unis

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Author Info

  • Paul Makdissi

    ()
    (Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Quentin Wodon

    ()
    (AFTPM, World Bank)

  • Yannick Therrien

    ()
    (Direction de l'analyse et du suivi des finances publiques, Ministère des finances du Québec)

Abstract

Dans cet article, nous analysons l'impact des politiques de transferts publics sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux états-Unis à l'aide de la base de données du Luxembourg Income Study. Pour ce faire, nous utilisons une méthode basée sur la valeur de Shapley afin de pouvoir attribuer à chaque politique un impact sur la pauvreté qui est indépendant de l'ordre arbitraire dans laquelle on aurait pu la considérer. Nous constatons que la pauvreté est plus élevée aux états-Unis qu'au Canada. Ceci est principalement d\^{u} au fait que les politiques de transferts au Canada sont plus généreuses qu'aux états-Unis. Nous montrons aussi que la principale source de réduction de la pauvreté dans les deux pays provient des transferts vers les personnes âgées.

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File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/03_03_pm.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 03-03.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision: 2004
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:03-03

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Postal: Sherbrooke, Québec, J1K 2R1
Phone: (819) 821-7233
Fax: (819) 821-6930
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Web page: http://www.gredi.org/home/documents-de-travail
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Keywords: Pauvreté; Transferts publics; Valeur de Shapley; Canada; États-Unis;

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References

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  1. Lars Osberg, 2000. "Poverty in Canada and the United States: measurement, trends, and implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 847-877, November.
  2. Cutler, David M & Katz, Lawrence F, 1992. "Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980's," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 546-51, May.
  3. Rebecca M. Blank & Maria J. Hanratty, 1993. "Responding to Need: A Comparison of Social Safety Nets in Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters, in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 191-232 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sami Bibi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2009. "A comparison of the poverty impact of transfers, taxes, and market income across five OECD countries," Working Papers 380, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  2. Paul Makdissi & Mathieu Audet, 2006. "Assessing the Impact of Historical Changes in Social Protection on Poverty in Canada," Cahiers de recherche 06-16, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  3. Pene Kalulumia & Denis Bolduc, 2004. "Generalized Mixed Estimation Of A Multinomial Discretecontinuous Choice Model For Electricity Demand," Cahiers de recherche 04-01, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  4. Petr Hanel, 2003. "Impact Of Government Support Programs On Innovation By Canadian Manufacturing Firms," Cahiers de recherche 04-02, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.

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