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Early retirement and inequality in Britain and Germany: How important is health?

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Author Info

  • Jennifer Roberts

    ()
    (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield)

  • Nigel Rice
  • Andrew M. Jones

Abstract

Both health and income inequalities have been shown to be much greater in Britain than in Germany. One of the main reasons seems to be the difference in the relative position of the retired, who, in Britain, are much more concentrated in the lower income groups. Inequality analysis reveals that while the distribution of health shocks is more concentrated among those on low incomes in Britain, early retirement is more concentrated among those on high incomes. In contrast, in Germany, both health shocks and early retirement are more concentrated among those with low incomes. We use comparable longitudinal data sets from Britain and Germany to estimate hazard models of the effect of health on early retirement. The hazard models show that health is a key determinant of the retirement hazard for both men and women in Britain and Germany. The size of the health effect appears large compared to the other variables. Designing financial incentives to encourage people to work for longer may not be sufficient as a policy tool if people are leaving the labour market involuntarily due to health problems.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2008012.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2008
Date of revision: Nov 2008
Handle: RePEc:shf:wpaper:2008012

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Keywords: health; early retirement; hazard models;

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References

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  30. repec:bla:restud:v:72:y:2005:i:2:p:395-427 is not listed on IDEAS
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Are the sick or the rich retiring early?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2009-07-03 08:55:00
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Cited by:
  1. Ted Aranki & Corrado Macchiarelli, 2013. "Employment Duration and Shifts into Retirement in the EU," Europe in Question Discussion Paper Series of the London School of Economics (LEQs) 8, London School of Economics / European Institute.

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