Citizenship, Fertility and Parental Investment
AbstractCitizenship rights are associated with better economic opportunities for immigrants. This paper studies how in a country with a large fraction of temporary migrants the fertility decisions of foreign citizens respond to a change in the rules that regulate child legal status at birth. The introduction of birthright citizenship in Germany, following the introduction of the new German nationality law in 2000, represented a positive shock to the returns to investment in child human capital. Consistent with Becker's "quality-quantity" model of fertility, we find that birthright citizenship leads to a reduction in immigrant fertility and an improvement in health outcomes for the children affected by the reform.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy in its series CSEF Working Papers with number 305.
Date of creation: 08 Feb 2012
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-02-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-02-27 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2012-02-27 (Economics of Human Migration)
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- Holger Stichnoth, 2013. "Reference standards for income comparisons: evidence from immigrants' return visits," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(4), pages 2707-2717.
- Stichnoth, Holger & Yeter, Mustafa, 2013.
"Cultural influences on the fertility behaviour of first- and second-generation immigrants in Germany,"
ZEW Discussion Papers
13-023, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Yeter, Mustafa & Stichnoth, Holger, 2013. "Cultural influences on the fertility behaviour of first- and second-generation immigrants in Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79882, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
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