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Price Convergence in the Enlarged Internal Market

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  • Christian Dreger
  • Konstantin Kholodilin
  • Kirsten Lommatzsch
  • Jirka Slacalek
  • Przemyslaw Wozniak

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the effects of EU enlargement on price convergence. The internal market is expected to boost integration and increase efficiency and welfare through a convergence of prices in product markets. Two principal drivers are crucial to explain price developments. On the one hand, higher competition exerts a downward pressure on prices because of lower mark ups. On the other hand, the catching up process of low income countries leads to a rise in the price levels and higher inflation over a transition period. Using comparative price levels for individual product categories price convergence can be established. However, the speed of convergence is rather slow, with half lives around 10 years. The enlargement has slightly stimulated the convergence process, and this impact is robust across different groups of countries. Moreover, the driving forces of convergence are explored. In line with theoretical predictions, the rise in competition exerts a downward pressure on prices, Chile catching up of low income countries leads to a rise in price levels

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research in its series CASE Network Reports with number 0076.

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Length: 68 Pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sec:cnrepo:0076

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Keywords: EU enlargement; price convergence; catching up and competition;

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Cited by:
  1. Jan-Egbert Sturm & Ulrich Fritsche & Michael Graff & Michael Lamla & Sarah Lein & Volker Nitsch & David Liechti & Daniel Triet, 2009. "The euro and prices: changeover-related inflation and price convergence in the euro area," European Economy - Economic Papers, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission 381, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  2. Christian Dreger & Eric Girardin, 2007. "Does the Nominal Exchange Rate Regime Affect the Long Run Properties of Real Exchange Rates?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 746, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Marina Glushenkova & Marios Zachariadis, 2014. "Understanding Law-of-One-Price Deviations across Europe Before and After the Euro," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics, University of Cyprus Department of Economics 01-2014, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
  4. Leon Podkaminer, 2013. "Persistent gaps between purchasing power parities and exchange rates under the law of one price: a puzzle (partly) explained?," Bank i Kredyt, National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, vol. 44(4), pages 333-352.
  5. Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz & Rembert De Blander, 2009. "Price convergence in the European Union and in the New Member States," Bank i Kredyt, National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, vol. 40(2), pages 37-59.
  6. Václav Žďárek, 2011. "An Empirical Analysis of Price Convergence of the Czech Republic and the New EU Member States towards the Euro Area," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2011(4), pages 454-474.

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