Income Risk and Household Debt with Endogenous Collateral Constraints
AbstractWe investigate possible determinants of the increase of household debt and smaller consumption fluctuations since the 1980s in the US. We use a heterogeneous-agent model, in which labor income is risky and markets are incomplete. Consumers use durables not only as collateral for their debt but also derive utility from their durable stock. We first assume that all debt is secured. That is, debt is collateralized by durable holdings and the lowest attainable labor income flow. We show that financial-market development in terms of lower interest spreads (and lower borrowing rates) or laxer collateral constraints can explain the increase in household debt and lower volatility of durable expenditure but only imply minor changes in the volatility of non-durable consumption. We then extend the model to unsecured debt, default and risk-sharing with competitive financial intermediaries
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 with number 351.
Date of creation: 04 Jul 2006
Date of revision:
household debt; durables; collateral constraint; income risk;
Other versions of this item:
- Thomas Hintermaier & Winfried Koeniger, 2006. "Income Risk and Household Debt with Endogenous Collateral Constraints," 2006 Meeting Papers 729, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
- D91 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice and Growth - - - Intertemporal Consumer Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
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