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Inequality and Growth: A Semiparametric Investigation

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  • Dustin Chambers

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    (Salisbury University public)

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    Abstract

    The relationship between income inequality and economic growth is re-examined using a semiparametric, dynamic panel data model. Significant empirical evidence is uncovered supporting the theory that the relationship between these variables is nonlinear. Additionally, the evidence also supports the conclusion that other important economic variables, notably past inequality and the rate of investment, directly affect the relationship between base period inequality and subsequent 5-year growth. The results of this paper suggest that higher income inequality (regardless of the magnitude of change) and small reductions in income inequality both reduce subsequent growth. Interestingly, large reductions in income inequality are growth promoting. Moreover, it is found that lower investment rates mitigate the negative effects of higher inequality on growth. It is shown that these results, collectively, are consistent with both a simple political economy model with costly bargaining and an economic growth model with capital-skill complementarities and imperfect credit markets

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    File URL: http://repec.org/sce2005/up.27275.1106784995.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 with number 132.

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    Date of creation: 11 Nov 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf5:132

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    Keywords: Economic Growth; Income Inequality; Capital-Skill Complementarity; Semiparametric Dynamic Panel;

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