Neighborhood models of minority opinion spreading
AbstractWe introduce neighborhood models that account for local spatial effects in Galam's model  of minority opinion spreading. This model describes the spread of a minority opinion, incorporating absic mechanisms of social inertia, resulting in democratic rejection of social reforms initially favored by a majority. For systems with a number of agents N, the time to reach consensus is shown to scale with log(N) in Galam's model, while it grows linearly with N in the new neighborhood models. The threshold value of the initial concentration of minority supporters for the defeat of the initial majority, which is independent of N in Galam's model, goes to zero with growing number of agents in the neighborhood models. We show that this is a consequence of the existence of a critical size for the growth of a local domain of majority supporters
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 with number 206.
Date of creation: 21 Jul 2004
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Agent-based Models; Dynamics of social systems.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
- C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
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- Fang Wu & Bernardo A. Huberman, 2004. "Social Structure and Opinion Formation," Computational Economics 0407002, EconWPA.
- Balankin, Alexander S. & Martínez Cruz, Miguel Ángel & Martínez, Alfredo Trejo, 2011. "Effect of initial concentration and spatial heterogeneity of active agent distribution on opinion dynamics," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(21), pages 3876-3887.
- Serge Galam, 2007. "From 2000 Bush–Gore to 2006 Italian elections: voting at fifty-fifty and the contrarian effect," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 579-589, August.
- Galam, Serge, 2011. "Collective beliefs versus individual inflexibility: The unavoidable biases of a public debate," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(17), pages 3036-3054.
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