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Economic Geography, Trade, and War

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  • David Bearce and Eric Fisher

Abstract

This paper uses computational techniques to explore the relationship between trade and war. It develops and simulates an agent-based model in which trade and military conflict are emergent processes within a system of states. The model explores different initial configurations, and the economic geography evolves endogenously. Simulations of the model show that some of the same factors promoting trade may also engender military conquest, revealing important qualifications to the conventional wisdom that there is an inverse relationship between trade and war.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2001 with number 40.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2001
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf1:40

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Keywords: Conflict; International Trade; Economic Geography;

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References

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  1. Hirshleifer, Jack, 1995. "Anarchy and Its Breakdown," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(1), pages 26-52, February.
  2. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1995. "Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?," NBER Working Papers 4050, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1994. "Dynamics of the Trade Balance and the Terms of Trade: The J-Curve?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 84-103, March.
  4. Buzan, Barry, 1984. "Economic structure and international security: the limits of the liberal Case," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(04), pages 597-624, September.
  5. Joshua M. Epstein & Robert L. Axtell, 1996. "Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262550253, December.
  6. Kenneth L. Judd, 1998. "Numerical Methods in Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262100711, December.
  7. Fearon, James D., 1995. "Rationalist explanations for war," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 49(03), pages 379-414, June.
  8. John J. Wallis & Douglass North, 1986. "Measuring the Transaction Sector in the American Economy, 1870-1970," NBER Chapters, in: Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth, pages 95-162 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Grieco, Joseph M., 1988. "Anarchy and the limits of cooperation: a realist critique of the newest liberal institutionalism," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 42(03), pages 485-507, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Thierry Vignolo & Agnès d'Artigues, 2003. "Why Global Integration May Lead to Terrorism: An Evolutionary Theory of Mimetic Rivalry," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(11), pages 1-8.
  2. Levy, Amnon, 2004. "Trucefully Yours: Hatred and the Prospects of Genuine and Stable Peace," Economics Working Papers wp04-06, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  3. Levy, Amnon & Faria, João Ricardo, 2002. "Conflict, Political Structure and Economic Growth in Dual-Population Lands," Economics Working Papers wp02-19, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

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