Economic Dynamics with Heterogeneous Agents
AbstractThis paper describes an agent-based model of exchange and uses it to illustrate the modelling framework offered by John Holland in his book on emergence and to propagate a hypothesis about the relationship between levels of exchange and the diversity of shadow prices. On both counts, the model described is the basis of an ongoing research project. That project looks to an object-orientated computational model of an economic system to contribute to the construction of an out of equilibrium analysis. It is argued that HollandÌs new computational framework, constrained generating procedures, facilitates more expressive agent-based models than offered by genetic algorithms. Simulations of the exchange model are used to illustrate the hypothesis that a major determinant of the volume of trade, in and out of equilibrium, is the level of diversity of pre-trade shadow prices.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2001 with number 231.
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2001
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Web page: http://www.econometricsociety.org/conference/SCE2001/SCE2001.html
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Heterogeneous Agents; Gains from Trade; Out of equilibrium trade;
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