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Market Efficiency and Learning in an Endogenously Unstable Environment

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  • David Goldbaum

Abstract

\tTraders in this model of an asset market have the opportunity to conduct individual research to acquire a noisy signal of a security's future value, or they can employ least-squares learning in an attempt at extracting the private information of other traders through observing the price. For a fixed proportion of the traders using fundamental research, n, the model converges to a stable fixed point equilibrium. At the fixed point, the regression traders outperform the fundamental traders for all values of n > 0. The equilibrium suffers from a Grossman and Stiglitz (1980) type paradox of efficient markets. Endogenize n based on performance and the Grossman-Stiglitz paradox is alleviated. The model is characterized by an unstable fixed point. As the model converges towards the fixed point, the regression traders perform well. As n falls, the regression traders begin to have a substantial impact on the price, causing greater fluctuations in profits and in n. Inevitably, the actual n is significantly different than the value of n implicit in the regression traders' coefficient values, introducing error in the regression trader's forecast. This leads to substantial mispricing that results in losses to the regression traders. It also throws the model far from the fixed point, starting the convergence process over.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2001 with number 105.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2001
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf1:105

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Keywords: Least squares learning; efficient markets; chaos;

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References

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  8. de Fontnouvelle, Patrick, 2000. "Information Dynamics In Financial Markets," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(02), pages 139-169, June.
  9. Ed Hopkins, 2004. "Two Competing Models of How People Learn in Games," ESE Discussion Papers 51, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
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  13. repec:att:wimass:9621 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Sanford J Grossman & Joseph E Stiglitz, 1997. "On the Impossibility of Informationally Efficient Markets," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1908, David K. Levine.
  15. Droste, Edward & Hommes, Cars & Tuinstra, Jan, 2002. "Endogenous fluctuations under evolutionary pressure in Cournot competition," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 232-269, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Diks, Cees & Dindo, Pietro, 2008. "Informational differences and learning in an asset market with boundedly rational agents," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 1432-1465, May.
  2. Hommes, Cars H., 2006. "Heterogeneous Agent Models in Economics and Finance," Handbook of Computational Economics, in: Leigh Tesfatsion & Kenneth L. Judd (ed.), Handbook of Computational Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 23, pages 1109-1186 Elsevier.
  3. Goldbaum, David, 2006. "Self-organization and the persistence of noise in financial markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(9-10), pages 1837-1855.
  4. William Brock & Cars Hommes & Florian Wagener, 2006. "More Hedging Instruments may destablize Markets," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 06-080/1, Tinbergen Institute, revised 30 Apr 2008.
  5. Hommes, Cars, 2011. "The heterogeneous expectations hypothesis: Some evidence from the lab," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 1-24, January.
  6. David Goldbaum, 2013. "Learning and Adaptation as a Source of Market Failure," Working Paper Series 14, Economics Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
  7. Hommes, C.H. & Wagener, F.O.O., 2008. "Complex evolutionary systems in behavioral finance," CeNDEF Working Papers 08-05, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
  8. David Goldbaum, 2003. "Profitable technical trading rules as a source of price instability," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 220-229.
  9. Cars H. Hommes, 2005. "Heterogeneous Agent Models in Economics and Finance," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-056/1, Tinbergen Institute.
  10. Goldbaum, David & Panchenko, Valentyn, 2010. "Learning and adaptation's impact on market efficiency," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 635-653, December.
  11. David Goldbaum, 2004. "On the Possibility of Informationally Efficient Markets," Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark 2004-009, Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark.

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