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High-Technology Employment and R&D in Cities: Heterogeneity vs Specialization

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Author Info

  • Zoltan J. Acs
  • Felix R. FitzRoy
  • Ian Smith

Abstract

This paper uses data from high technology industry clusters in U.S. cities to establish a strong positive relationship between city, industry (and university) R&D and subsequent employment in the same industry and city. Perhaps surprisingly, in view of recent results that heterogeneity favors growth, we found no evidence for spillovers from R&D in any one high technology cluster to employment in any other. However, spillover benefits from specialization appear microeconomically plausible in our context, though the data panel is too short to obtain any conclusions regarding growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm in its series CRIEFF Discussion Papers with number 9920.

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Date of creation: Oct 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:san:crieff:9920

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Related research

Keywords: High technology; Employment; R&D spillovers; Clusters;

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Cited by:
  1. Olof Ejermo, 2005. "Technological Diversity and Jacobs' Externality Hypothesis Revisited," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 36(2), pages 167-195.
  2. Mariana Pereira & Isidro Soloaga, 2012. "Determinantes del crecimiento regional por sector de la industria manufacturera en México, 1988-2008," Serie documentos de trabajo del Centro de Estudios Económicos 2012-05, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos.
  3. Zoltan J. Acs & Catherine Armington & Ting Zhang, 2006. "The Determinants of New-firm Survival across Regional Economies," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2007-04, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  4. Thurik, A.R., 2008. "Entrepreneurship, Economic Growth and Policy in Emerging Economies," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2008-060-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus Uni.
  5. Zoltan J. Acs & Catherine Armington, 2004. "Employment Growth and Entrepreneurial Activity in Cities," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-13, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  6. Acs, Zoltan J. & Armington, Catherine, 2004. "The impact of geographic differences in human capital on service firm formation rates," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 244-278, September.
  7. Zoltan J. Acs & Catherine Armington, 2004. "New Firm Survival and Human Capital," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-14, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  8. Isidro Soloaga & Mariana Pereira, 2013. "Determinants of Regional Growth by Manufacturing Sector in Mexico, 1988-2008," Working Papers 0713, Universidad Iberoamericana, Department of Economics.
  9. Zoltan J Acs & Catherine Armington, 2003. "Endogenous Growth and Entrepreneurial Activity in Cities," Working Papers 03-02, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  10. Braunerhjelm, Pontus, 2010. "Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth - past experience, current knowledge and policy implications," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 224, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  11. Breand�n � hUallach�in & Timothy F. Leslie, 2007. "Rethinking the regional knowledge production function," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(6), pages 737-752, November.
  12. David Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 2004. "A Model of the Entrepreneurial Economy," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-12, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  13. Richard Harris, 2008. "Models of regional growth: past, present and future," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 33146, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  14. Thomas Brenner & Charlotte Schlump, 2010. "University Education, Public Research and Employment Growth in Regions – An Empirical Study of Germany," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2010-02, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  15. Zoltan J Acs & Catherine Armington, 2003. "The Geographic Concentration of New Firm Formation and Human Capital: Evidence from the Cities," Working Papers 03-05, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  16. Martin Andersson & Olof Ejermo, 2002. "Knowledge Production in Swedish Functional Regions 1993-1999," KITeS Working Papers 139, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Feb 2003.
  17. Elicia Maine & Daniel Shapiro & Aidan Vining, 2010. "The role of clustering in the growth of new technology-based firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 127-146, February.
  18. Aurélie LALANNE (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Guillaume POUYANNE ( GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "Ten years of metropolization in economics: a bibliometric approach (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-11, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  19. Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of innovation (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

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