High Technology Employment and University R&D Spillovers: Evidence from US Cities
AbstractUsing 4 years of data from 37 American cities and 6 high technology groupings we present the first estimates of University R&D spillover effects on employment at this level of disaggregation, while controlling for prior innovations and state fixed effects. Wages and employments are strongly positively related, which can be explained in various ways. Consistent with studies showing R&D spillover effects on innovation at the state level, we find robust evidence that university R&D is a statistically significant determinant of city high technology employment and some evidence for employment effects of innovation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm in its series CRIEFF Discussion Papers with number 9417.
Date of creation: Oct 1994
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high technology; employment; R&D; knowledge externalities; clusters;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
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