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Involuntary Unemployment in Imperfectly Competitive General Equilibrium Models

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  • Laurence Lasselle
  • Serge Svizzero

Abstract

This paper is about involuntary unemployment in general equilibrium models with imperfect competition. It surveys papers written after the seminal work of d'Aspremont, Dos Santos Ferreira and Gérard-Varet (1984). This unemployment is called involuntary because it exists at any wage. It results from imperfect competition in the product markets, more specifically from firms' excessive market power. These papers have focussed their attention on the required conditions for involuntary unemployment. In our presentation, we characterise this form of unemployment through three elements: consumers' preferences, price expectations and Ford effects. Each element is important because it influences the demand for the good and hence its price elasticity, the latter being central in the definition of firms' market power.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm in its series CRIEFF Discussion Papers with number 0008.

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Date of creation: Feb 2000
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Handle: RePEc:san:crieff:0008

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Keywords: competition; preferences; price-elasticity; unemployment;

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References

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  1. Schultz, Christian, 1992. "The impossibility of involuntary unemployment in an overlapping generations model with rational expectations," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 61-76, October.
  2. Silvestre, Joaquim, 1993. "The Market-Power Foundations of Macroeconomic Policy," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(1), pages 105-41, March.
  3. Michel De Vroey, 1999. "From Labor Rationing to (Involuntary) Unemployment: A Conceptual Elucidation," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 25(3), pages 315-330, Summer.
  4. Dehez, Pierre, 1985. "Monopolistic equilibrium and involuntary unemployment," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 160-165, June.
  5. Novshek, William., 1984. "On the Existence of Cournot Equilibrium," Working Papers 517, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  6. Hart, Oliver, 1982. "A Model of Imperfect Competition with Keynesian Features," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(1), pages 109-38, February.
  7. Bénassy, Jean-Pascal, 1994. "Classical and keynesian features in macroeconomic models with imperfect competition," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9418, CEPREMAP.
  8. d'ASPREMONT, Claude & DOS SANTOS FERREIRA, Rodolphe & GERARD-VARET, Louis-André, . "Unemployment in an extended Cournot oligopoly model," CORE Discussion Papers RP -843, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  9. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1993. "Temporary general equilibrium theory," Handbook of Mathematical Economics, in: K. J. Arrow & M.D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Economics, edition 4, volume 2, chapter 19, pages 879-922 Elsevier.
  10. Lindbeck, Assar, 1998. "New Keynesianism and Aggregate Economic Activity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 167-80, January.
  11. Silvestre, Joaquim, 1990. "There May Be Unemployment When the Labour Market Is Competitive and the Output Market Is Not," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(402), pages 899-913, September.
  12. Kaas, Leo, 1998. "Multiplicity of Cournot Equilibria and Involuntary Unemployment," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 332-349, June.
  13. Lasselle, Laurence & Svizzero, Serge, 2001. "The Impossibility of Underemployment with More Than One Product Market," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(1), pages 157-65, January.
  14. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 647-66, September.
  15. Lasselle, L. & Svizzero, S., 1996. "Existence of Involuntary Unemployment: the Role of Expectations and Feedback Effects," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 96a30, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  16. Rankin, Neil, 1992. "Imperfect Competition, Expectations and the Multiple Effects of Monetary Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(413), pages 743-53, July.
  17. Marcet, Albert & Sargent, Thomas J., 1989. "Convergence of least squares learning mechanisms in self-referential linear stochastic models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 337-368, August.
  18. Bonanno, Giacomo, 1990. " General Equilibrium Theory with Imperfect Competition," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(4), pages 297-328.
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Cited by:
  1. Laurence Lasselle & Serge Svizzero, 2000. "On The Existence of A Cournot Equilibrium With Endogenous Income," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 0012, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.

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