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Risk Assessment Under a Non-linear Fiscal Rule

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  • Christos Shiamptanis

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada)

Abstract

In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis and recession, governments' actions around the world suggest a non-linear responsiveness of fiscal policy to debt. Additionally, governments are realizing that they face fiscal limits on the size of debt that they can repay. The fiscal limits arise due to distortionary taxation and political will. This paper explores the implications of a non-linear fiscal rule coupled with fiscal limits on solvency crisis. We derive the restrictions on the non-linear fiscal rule necessary to eliminate explosive behavior. We show that the marginal response of primary surplus to debt should be larger than the interest rate times an adjustment factor for the persistence in the primary surplus. However, a non-linear fiscal rule which eliminates explosive behavior can still experience a solvency crisis because of stochastic shocks. We derive the dynamics in the run-up to a solvency crisis and find that a non-linear fiscal rule can reduce the probability of solvency crisis.

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File URL: http://economics.ryerson.ca/workingpapers/wp038.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ryerson University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 038.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rye:wpaper:wp038

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Related research

Keywords: Non-linear fiscal rule; Fiscal Sustainability; Solvency Crisis; Policy Switching; Canada;

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References

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  1. Troy Davig & Eric M. Leeper & Todd B. Walker, 2010. ""Unfunded liabilities" and uncertain fiscal financing," Research Working Paper RWP 10-09, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  2. Huixin Bi, 2010. "Sovereign Default Risk Premia, Fiscal Limits and Fiscal Policy," Caepr Working Papers 2010-007, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  3. Andreas Schabert, 2009. "Monetary Policy under a Fiscal Theory of Sovereign Default," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-093/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  4. Hess Chung & Troy Davig & Eric Leeper, 2004. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Switching," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 325, Society for Computational Economics.
  5. Troy Davig & Eric M. Leeper & Todd B. Walker, 2010. "Inflation and the Fiscal Limit," NBER Working Papers 16495, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Atish R. Ghosh & Jun I. Kim & Enrique G. Mendoza & Jonathan D. Ostry & Mahvash S. Qureshi, 2013. "Fiscal Fatigue, Fiscal Space and Debt Sustainability in Advanced Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0, pages F4-F30, 02.
  7. Arellano, Cristina, 2008. "Default risk and income fluctuations in emerging economies," MPRA Paper 7867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Daniel, Betty C. & Shiamptanis, Christos, 2012. "Fiscal risk in a monetary union," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 1289-1309.
  9. Greiner, Alfred & Kauermann, Goran, 2007. "Sustainability of US public debt: Estimating smoothing spline regressions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 350-364, March.
  10. Betty C. Daniel & Christos Shiamptanis, 2009. "Fiscal Policy in the European Monetary Union," Working Papers 2009-1, Central Bank of Cyprus.
  11. Hamilton, James D & Flavin, Marjorie A, 1986. "On the Limitations of Government Borrowing: A Framework for EmpiricalTesting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 808-19, September.
  12. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Ostry, Jonathan D., 2008. "International evidence on fiscal solvency: Is fiscal policy "responsible"?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(6), pages 1081-1093, September.
  13. Leeper, Eric M., 1991. "Equilibria under 'active' and 'passive' monetary and fiscal policies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 129-147, February.
  14. Marco Bassetto, 2000. "A Game-Theoretic View of the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1492, Econometric Society.
  15. Vanessa Berenguer‐Rico & Josep Lluís Carrion‐i‐Silvestre, 2011. "Regime shifts in stock–flow I(2)–I(1) systems: the case of US fiscal sustainability," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(2), pages 298-321, March.
  16. Daniel, Betty C., 2001. "The fiscal theory of the price level in an open economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 293-308, October.
  17. Marco Bassetto, 2002. "Equilibrium and government commitment," Working Papers 624, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  18. Eaton, Jonathan & Gersovitz, Mark, 1981. "Debt with Potential Repudiation: Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(2), pages 289-309, April.
  19. Troy Davig, 2005. "Periodically expanding discounted debt: a threat to fiscal policy sustainability?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(7), pages 829-840.
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