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Are My Neighbours Ageing Yet? Local Dimensions of Demographic Change in German Cities

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  • Uwe Neumann

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Abstract

In the discussion about demographic change, the regional dimension so far has played a subordinate role. Based on municipal data for the period between 1998 and 2008, this paper examines to what extent recent demographic change has affected the population of cities and neighbourhoods, focusing on the largest urban agglomeration in Germany, the Rhine-Ruhr conurbation in North Rhine-Westphalia. The local outcomes of demographic change are modified considerably by regional migration and interrelate closely with regional prosperity. The survey provides a precise outline of the interrelation between basic demographic characteristics and shifts in the composition of neighbourhood populations over the study period. The analysis shows that in the most thriving cities, there is a particularly strong tendency of young adults to separate from other demographic groups. In neighbourhoods where there is no such influx of younger people, particularly in low-density residential areas on the urban fringe, rapid demographic ageing aff ects neighbourhood populations and local economies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen in its series Ruhr Economic Papers with number 0319.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rwi:repape:0319

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Keywords: Demographic change; neighbourhoods; segregation; migration;

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  1. Rajiv Sethi & Rohini Somanathan, 2002. "Inequality and segregation," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 02-06, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
  2. Jack Burgers, 2002. "Understanding Urban Inequality: A Model Based on Existing Theories and an Empirical Illustration," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 403-413, 06.
  3. Uwe Neumann & Christoph M Schmidt & Lutz Trettin, 2011. "Fostering local economic development in urban neighbourhoods: Results of an empirical assessment," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 26(1), pages 18-29, February.
  4. Jackman, Richard & Savouri, Savvas, 1992. "Regional Migration in Britain: An Analysis of Gross Flows Using NHS Central Register Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(415), pages 1433-50, November.
  5. Schwartz, Aba, 1976. "Migration, Age, and Education," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 701-19, August.
  6. Hoff, Karla & Sen, Arijit, 2004. "Homeownership, community interactions, and segregation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3316, The World Bank.
  7. Camagni, Roberto, 2002. "On the concept of territorial competitiveness: sound or misleading?," ERSA conference papers ersa02p518, European Regional Science Association.
  8. Uwe Neumann & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2006. "Lichtblicke, aber keine Entwarnung - Ausmaß und Konsequenzen des demographischen Wandels im Ruhrgebiet," RWI Positionen, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 10, October.
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