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The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants – Evidence for Post-War Germany

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  • Thomas K. Bauer
  • Sebastian Braun

    ()

  • Michael Kvasnicka

Abstract

The fl ight and expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe during and after World War II constitutes one of the largest forced population movements in history. We analyze the economic integration of these forced migrants and their off spring in West Germany. The empirical results suggest that even a quarter of a century after displacement, fi rst generation migrants and native West Germans that were comparable before the war perform strikingly diff erent. Migrants have substantially lower incomes and are less likely to own a house or to be self-employed. Displaced agricultural workers, however, have signifi cantly higher incomes. This income gain can be explained by faster transitions out of low-paid agricultural work. Diff erences in the labor market performance of second generation migrants resemble those of the fi rst generation. We also fi nd that displacement considerably weakens the intergenerational transmission of human capital between fathers and children, especially at the lower tail of the skill distribution.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen in its series Ruhr Economic Papers with number 0267.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rwi:repape:0267

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Keywords: Forced migration; economic integration; World War II; West Germany;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Braun, Sebastian & Kvasnicka, Michael, 2012. "Immigration and Structural Change: Evidence from Post-War Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 6690, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Sebastian Braun & Toman Omar Mahmoud, 2011. "The Employment Effects of Immigration: Evidence from the Mass Arrival of German Expellees in Post-war Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1725, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Ziebarth, Nicolas R. & Wagner, Gert G., 2013. "Top‐Down vs. Bottom‐Up: The Long‐Term Impact of Government Ideology and Personal Experience on Values," IZA Discussion Papers 7279, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Braun, Sebastian & Singer, Gregor, 2012. "Greasing the wheels of the labor market? Immigration and worker mobility," Kiel Policy Brief 52, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  5. Christoph Eder, 2013. "Displacement and Education of the Next Generation: Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina," HiCN Working Papers 152, Households in Conflict Network.

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