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The Determinants of Truck Accidents in the United States

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  • Peter D. Loeb

    ()

  • William A. Clarke

    ()

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of truck accidents in the United States using a time series data set covering the period 1970-2001. Econometric models are developed and subjected to a set of specification error tests so as to increase the probability of selecting models which are statistically reliable. Along with conventional factors affecting motor vehicle accidents, the effect of the Motor Carrier Act of 1980, which deregulated the trucking industry, is examined for its effect on truck accidents. In addition, the model accounts for the effect railroad freight mileage has on truck accidents. Empirical results show that alcohol consumption, the unemployment rate, and railroad freight activity had a significant effect on truck accidents. However, deregulation of the trucking industry did not have a statistically significant adverse effect on these accidents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark in its series Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark with number 2005-002.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:run:wpaper:2005-002

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Related research

Keywords: Truck Accidents; Motor Carrier Act of 1980; Staggers Act; Alcohol Consumption; Deregulation.;

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  1. McCarthy, Patrick S., 1999. "Public policy and highway safety: a city-wide perspective," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 231-244, March.
  2. Fowles, Richard & Loeb, Peter D, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 916-21, September.
  3. Levy, David T & Asch, Peter, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 913-15, September.
  4. Frank J. Chaloupka & Henry Saffer & Michael Grossman, 1991. "Alcohol Control Policies and Motor Vehicle Fatalities," NBER Working Papers 3831, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Clarke, William A. & Loeb, Peter D., 2005. "The determinants of train fatalities: keeping the model on track," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 145-158, March.
  6. Snyder, Donald, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 922-25, September.
  7. Lave, Charles A, 1985. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55 MPH Limit," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(5), pages 1159-64, December.
  8. Peltzman, Sam, 1975. "The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(4), pages 677-725, August.
  9. Loeb, Peter D., 2001. "The effectiveness of seat belt legislation in reducing driver-involved injury rates in Maryland," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 297-310, August.
  10. Halvorsen, Robert & Palmquist, Raymond, 1980. "The Interpretation of Dummy Variables in Semilogarithmic Equations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 474-75, June.
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