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Optimal Monetary Policy and Firm Entry

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  • V. LEWIS

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Abstract

This paper characterises optimal short-run monetary policy in an economy with monopolistic competition, endogenous firm entry, a cash-in-advance constraint and preset wages. Firms must make profits to cover entry costs; thus the markup on goods prices is efficient. However, a distortion results from the absence of a markup on leisure. This distortion affects the investment margin due to the labour requirement in entry. In the absence of fiscal instruments such as labour income subsidies, the optimal monetary policy under sticky wages achieves higher welfare than under flexible wages. The policy maker uses the money supply instrument to raise the real wage - the cost of leisure - above its flexible-wage level, in response to expansionary shocks. This induces a rise in labour hours and more production of goods and new firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its series Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium with number 09/604.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rug:rugwps:09/604

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Keywords: entry; optimal policy;

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References

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  1. Bernardino Adao & Isabel Correia & Pedro Teles, 2003. "Gaps and Triangles," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 699-713, October.
  2. Isabel Correia & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, 2002. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy: equivalence results," Working Paper Series WP-02-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  3. Bilbiie, Florin Ovidiu & Fujiwara, Ippei & Ghironi, Fabio, 2011. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Endogenous Entry and Product Variety," CEPR Discussion Papers 8565, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Riccardo DiCecio & Levon Barseghyan, 2010. "Entry Costs, Industry Structure, and Cross-Country Income and TFP Differences," 2010 Meeting Papers 964, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Andrew Levin & Christopher J. Erceg & Dale W. Henderson, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Staggered Wage and Price Contracts," Computing in Economics and Finance 1999 1151, Society for Computational Economics.
  6. Ireland, Peter N, 1996. "The Role of Countercyclical Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(4), pages 704-23, August.
  7. V. Lewis, 2010. "Product Diversity, Strategic Interactions and Optimal Taxation," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 10/661, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  8. Christian Broda & David E. Weinstein, 2007. "Product Creation and Destruction: Evidence and Price Implications," NBER Working Papers 13041, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-22, May.
  10. Lewis, Vivien, 2009. "Business Cycle Evidence On Firm Entry," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(05), pages 605-624, November.
  11. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  12. Kim, Jinill, 2004. "What determines aggregate returns to scale?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1577-1594, June.
  13. Florin O. Bilbiie & Fabio Ghironi & Marc J. Melitz, 2008. "Monetary Policy and Business Cycles with Endogenous Entry and Product Variety," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2007, Volume 22, pages 299-353 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Bergin, Paul R. & Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2008. "The extensive margin and monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(7), pages 1222-1237, October.
  15. Aleksander Berentsen & Christopher J. Waller, 2009. "Optimal stabilization policy with endogenous firm entry," Working Papers 2009-032, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
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Cited by:
  1. Bilbiie, Florin Ovidiu & Fujiwara, Ippei & Ghironi, Fabio, 2011. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Endogenous Entry and Product Variety," CEPR Discussion Papers 8565, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Matteo Cacciatore & Giuseppe Fiori & Fabio Ghironi, 2013. "Market Deregulation and Optimal Monetary Policy in a Monetary Union," NBER Working Papers 19025, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Sanjay K. Chugh & Fabio Ghironi, 2011. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Endogenous Product Variety," NBER Working Papers 17319, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Matteo Cacciatore, 2013. "Trade, Unemployment, and Monetary Policy," 2013 Meeting Papers 724, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Masashige Hamano & Pierre M. Picard, 2013. "Extensive and intensive margins and the choice of exchange rate regimes," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-18, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

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