Crisis in the Country of Origin and Illegal Immigration Into Europe via Italy
AbstractThis paper contributes to the empirical literature on individual and household decisions to emigrate from developing countries to advanced economies. Considering both push and pull factors, it focuses on economic, financial and political crises as impulses augmenting migratory flows to Italy and to Europe. Used for this purpose is the Ministry of the Interior database on immigration into Italy over 1990-2000, with particular regard to illegal immigrants intercepted by the authorities. The data on immigration are supplemented with variables relative to the countries of origin. Econometric analysis confirms that the push factors activated by crises have had a statistically and quantitatively significant role in determining the amount of illegal immigration. These results have clear (international) policy implications: the costs of intervening to alleviate severe crises in the countries of origin should be weighed according to their ability to limit socially undesirable mass migrations towards the European Union.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sapienza University of Rome, CIDEI in its series Working Papers with number 77.
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Undocumented migration; Economic Crisis; Natural Disasters;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
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