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Agricultural Intensification, Irrigation and the Environment in South Asia: Issues and Policy Options

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  • Mohammad Alauddin

    ()
    (University of Queensland)

  • John Quiggin

    ()
    (Risk & Sustainable Management Group, School of Economics, University of Queensland)

Abstract

High population pressure and the rapid pace of human activity including urbanization, industrialization and other economic activities have led to a dwindling supply of arable land per capita and a process of agricultural intensification in South Asia. While this process has significantly increased food production to feed the growing population, it has also entailed considerable damage to the physical environment, including degradation and depletion of natural resources and unsustainable use of land and water resources. This paper employs the analytical tools of economic theory, environmental and ecological economics to model the impact of irrigation in South Asia. It underscores the need for an eclectic approach to policy responses stemming from private and common property rights theories, externality theory and sustainability theory with a view to environmentalizing agricultural development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Risk and Sustainable Management Group, University of Queensland in its series Murray-Darling Program Working Papers with number WP4M06.

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Date of creation: Apr 2006
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Handle: RePEc:rsm:murray:m06_4

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Keywords: Agricultural intensification; environmental intensification; groundwater intensity.;

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References

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  1. Randall, Alan, 1981. "Property Entitlements And Pricing Policies For A Maturing Water Economy," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 25(03), December.
  2. Alan Randall, 1981. "Property Entitlements And Pricing Policies For A Maturing Water Economy," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 25(3), pages 195-220, December.
  3. Anthony Scott, 1955. "The Fishery: The Objectives of Sole Ownership," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 63, pages 116.
  4. Peterson, Willis L., 1987. "International Land Quality Indexes," Staff Papers 13877, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
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  6. Alauddin, Mohammad & Tisdell, Clem A, 1986. "Decomposition Methods, Agricultural Productivity Growth and Technological Change: A Critique Supported by Bangladeshi Data," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 48(4), pages 353-72, November.
  7. Shah, Tushaar, 2006. "Groundwater and human development: challenges and opportunities in livelihoods and environment," Conference Papers h035884, International Water Management Institute.
  8. Lopez Ramon, 1994. "The Environment as a Factor of Production: The Effects of Economic Growth and Trade Liberalization," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 163-184, September.
  9. Alauddin, Mohammad, 2004. "Environmentalizing economic development: a South Asian perspective," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3-4), pages 251-270, December.
  10. Barker, Randolph & Molle, François, 2004. "Evolution of irrigation in South and Southeast Asia," IWMI Books, Reports H035439, International Water Management Institute.
  11. World Bank, 2000. "World Development Indicators 2000," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13828, October.
  12. Salafsky, Nick & Wollenberg, Eva, 2000. "Linking Livelihoods and Conservation: A Conceptual Framework and Scale for Assessing the Integration of Human Needs and Biodiversity," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1421-1438, August.
  13. Wade, Robert, 1995. "The ecological basis of irrigation institutions: East and South Asia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(12), pages 2041-2049, December.
  14. Kikuchi, Masao & Hayami, Yujiro, 1978. "Agricultural Growth against a Land Resource Constraint: A Comparative History of Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and the Philippines," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(04), pages 839-864, December.
  15. Wade, Robert, 1987. "The Management of Common Property Resources: Finding a Cooperative Solution," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 2(2), pages 219-34, July.
  16. Quiggin, John C., 2001. "Environmental economics and the Murray-Darling river system," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 45(1), March.
  17. Qureshi, A. S. & Shah, T. & Akhtar, M, 2003. "The groundwater economy of Pakistan," IWMI Working Papers H033572, International Water Management Institute.
  18. A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & R. O. Ferguson, 1955. "Optimal Estimation of Executive Compensation by Linear Programming," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 1(2), pages 138-151, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Blanco-Gutiérrez, Irene & Varela-Ortega, Consuelo & Flichman, Guillermo, 2011. "Cost-effectiveness of groundwater conservation measures: A multi-level analysis with policy implications," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(4), pages 639-652, February.
  2. Rattan Lal, 2014. "Climate Strategic Soil Management," Challenges, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 43-74, February.
  3. Mohammad Alauddin & Bharat R. Sharma, 2013. "Inter-district rice water productivity differences in Bangladesh: An empirical exploration and implications," Discussion Papers Series 517, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  4. Chattopadhyay, Pallavi Banerjee & Rangarajan, R., 2014. "Application of ANN in sketching spatial nonlinearity of unconfined aquifer in agricultural basin," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 81-91.
  5. Mohammad Alauddin & Upali A. Amarasinghe & Bharat R. Sharma, 2014. "Four decades of rice water productivity in Bangladesh: A spatio-temporal analysis of district level panel data," Discussion Papers Series 518, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  6. Polimeni, John M. & Iorgulescu, Raluca I. & Chandrasekara, Ray, 2014. "Trans-border public health vulnerability and hydroelectric projects: The case of Yali Falls Dam," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 81-89.
  7. Pullabhotla, Hemant & Ganesh-Kumar, A., 2012. "Review of input and output policies for cereal production in Bangladesh:," IFPRI discussion papers 1199, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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