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Geography of Business Incubator Formation in the United States

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  • Junbo Yu

    ()
    (Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University)

  • Mark Middleton

    ()
    (Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University)

  • Randall Jackson

    ()
    (Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University)

Abstract

The geography of business incubators has seldom been examined against the public aspirations and beliefs that incubators should either inhabit economically distressed areas to alleviate unemployment and poverty (in the case of empowerment business incubators) or proliferate in technologically capable regions to adequately unleash and exploit local high-technology potentials (in the case of technology business incubators). In this paper, the geographic distribution of 719 U.S. business incubators, which are located in 465 out of the 3,141 counties, is examined drawing upon a newly built incubator population database. In addition, the location factors underlying the formation of business incubators are also identified and analyzed, which leads to the discovery of a dichotomy between rural and urban incubators in their locational determinants.

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File URL: http://rri.wvu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Jackson_business_incubator.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University in its series Working Papers with number 201010.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rri:wpaper:201010

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Keywords: geography; business incubator; entrepreneurship; growth machine; decision-making;

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  1. Greene, Patricia Gene & Butler, John Sibley, 1996. "The minority community as a natural business incubator," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 51-58, May.
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  10. Sean M. Hackett & David M. Dilts, 2004. "A Systematic Review of Business Incubation Research," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 55-82, 01.
  11. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
  12. Stephan J. Goetz & Anil Rupasingha, 2002. "High-Tech Firm Clustering: Implications for Rural Areas," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1229-1236.
  13. Rudy Aernoudt, 2004. "Incubators: Tool for Entrepreneurship?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 127-135, 09.
  14. Craig R. Humphrey & Rodney A. Erickson & Richard E. McCluskey, 1989. "Industrial Development Groups, External Connections, and Job Generation in Local Communities," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 3(1), pages 32-45, February.
  15. Jack, Sarah L. & Anderson, Alistair R., 2002. "The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 467-487, September.
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