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Valuing Community Attributes in Rural Counties in West Virginia: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis

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Author Info

  • Maribel Mojica

    ()
    (Division of Resource Management, West Virginia University)

  • Tesfa Gebremedhin

    ()
    (Division of Resource Management, West Virginia University)

  • Peter Schaeffer

    ()
    (Division of Resource Management, West Virginia University)

Abstract

The study used Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to examine community attributes of rural counties in West Virginia using variables determining quality of life. This analysis was done to understand the value of the social and economic characteristics associated with different communities as migration patterns in the US are mostly attributed to community characteristics determining the residents’ valuation of the quality of life in an area. County level data was used to identify counties that are inefficient, measured in terms of socioeconomic factors. The data is composed of output variables representing desirable community attributes and input variables representing the undesirable characteristics. Analysis was done by using Data Envelopment Analysis to calculate efficiency scores among rural counties in the State as quantitative measures of the efficient production of quality of life within communities. The results show that the majority of the rural counties in the State lie on the efficiency frontier, while others are classified to be inefficient. The research findings are of interest to policy makers as indicators of community performance which can be used for evaluating counties in terms of quality of life.

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File URL: http://rri.wvu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/wp2008-3.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University in its series Working Papers with number 200803.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rri:wpaper:200803

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Web page: http://rri.wvu.edu/research/working-papers/
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Related research

Keywords: data envelopment analysis; migration; quality of life; regional development;

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References

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  1. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-78, December.
  2. James O. Bukenya & Tesfa G. Gebremedhin & Peter V. Schaeffer, 2003. "Analysis of Quality of Life and Rural Development: Evidence from West Virginia Data," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 34(2), pages 202-218.
  3. Gorton, Matthew & Davidova, Sophia, 2004. "Farm productivity and efficiency in the CEE applicant countries: a synthesis of results," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 1-16, January.
  4. Dionysia Lambiri & Bianca Biagi & Vicente Royuela, 2007. "Quality of Life in the Economic and Urban Economic Literature," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 84(1), pages 1-25, October.
  5. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  6. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
  7. Steven C. Deller & Tsung-Hsiu (Sue) Tsai & David W. Marcouiller & Donald B.K. English, 2001. "The Role of Amenities and Quality of Life In Rural Economic Growth," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(2), pages 352-365.
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