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Diffusion of Emissions Abating Technology

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  • David I. Stern

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180-3590, USA)

Abstract

The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) has been extensively criticized on econometric and theoretical grounds. Recent econometric results and case studies show that national emissions of important pollutants are monotonic in income but changes in technology can lead over time to reductions in pollution - a lowering of the EKC - and that pollution reducing innovations and standards may be adopted with relatively short time lags in some developing countries. This study combines the recent literature on measuring environmental efficiency and technological change using production frontier methods with the use of the Kalman filter - a time series method for signal extraction - to model the state of abatement technology in a panel of countries over time. The EKC is reformulated as the best practice technology frontier - countries' position relative to the frontier reflects the degree to which they have adopted best practice. The results are used to determine whether countries are converging to best practice over time and how many years it will take each country to achieve current best practice. The model is applied to sulfur dioxide emissions from sixteen mainly developed countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics in its series Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics with number 0420.

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Date of creation: Sep 2004
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Handle: RePEc:rpi:rpiwpe:0420

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. A Clarification, 14 Years On...
    by David Stern in Stochastic Trend on 2010-11-26 23:49:00
  2. World Values Map
    by David Stern in Stochastic Trend on 2009-10-22 02:25:00
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Cited by:
  1. David I. Stern, 2011. "From Correlation to Granger Causality," Crawford School Research Papers 1113, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  2. William Brock & M. Taylor, 2010. "The Green Solow model," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 127-153, June.
  3. Auci, Sabrina & Trovato, Giovanni, 2011. "The environmental Kuznets curve within European countries and sectors: greenhouse emission, production function and technology," MPRA Paper 53442, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. David I. Stern, 2010. "Between Estimates of the Environmental Kuznets Curve," CAMA Working Papers 2010-04, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  5. Giuseppe Di Vita, 2003. "Is the Discount Rate Relevant in Explaining the Environmental Kuznets Curve?," Working Papers 2003.83, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  6. Tanger, Shaun M. & Zeng, Peng & Morse, Wayde & Laband, David N., 2011. "Macroeconomic conditions in the U.S. and congressional voting on environmental policy: 1970-2008," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(6), pages 1109-1120, April.
  7. Stern, David I., 2010. "Between estimates of the emissions-income elasticity," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(11), pages 2173-2182, September.
  8. Soytas, Ugur & Sari, Ramazan & Ewing, Bradley T., 2007. "Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3-4), pages 482-489, May.
  9. Albu, Lucian Liviu, 2007. "Spatial Econometrics - Applications To Investigate Distribution Of Co2 Emission In Europe," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 4(1), pages 45-56, March.
  10. David I. Stern & Frank Jotzo & Leo Dobes, 2013. "The Economics of Global Climate Change: A Historical Literature Review," CCEP Working Papers 1307, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  11. David I. Stern, 2005. "Reversal in the Trend of Global Anthropogenic Sulfur Emissions," Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics 0504, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics.
  12. Auci, Sabrina & Castelli, Annalisa, 2011. "Pollution and economic growth: a maximum likelihood estimation of environmental Kuznets curve," MPRA Paper 53441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. David I. Stern, 2005. "The Effect of NAFTA on Energy and Environmental Efficiency in Mexico," Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics 0511, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics.

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