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Global Sulfur Emissions in the 1990s

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  • David I. Stern

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy NY 12180-3590, USA)

Abstract

This paper provides global and individual country estimates of sulfur emissions from 1991-2000. Raw estimates are obtained in two ways. For countries and years with published data I compile that data from the available sources. For the remaining countries and for missing years for countries with some published data, I use either the decomposition model estimated by Stern (2002), the first differences environmental Kuznets curve model estimated by Stern and Common (2001), or a simple extrapolation, depending on the availability of data to interpolate or extrapolate estimates. The results are combined with estimates from the ASL database for earlier years to develop continuous time series from 1850 to 2000. Finally, I discuss the main movements in global and regional emissions in the 1990s and compare the results to other studies. Global emissions peaked in 1989 or 1991 and declined rapidly thereafter. The locus of emissions shifted towards East and South Asia, but even this region peaked in 1996. Our estimates tend to be lower than other published studies and show a much more rapid decline reflecting the view that technological progress in reducing sulfur based pollution has been rapid and is beginning to diffuse worldwide.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics in its series Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics with number 0311.

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Date of creation: Nov 2003
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Handle: RePEc:rpi:rpiwpe:0311

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  1. Beckerman, Wilfred, 1992. "Economic growth and the environment: Whose growth? whose environment?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 481-496, April.
  2. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S., 2001. "Is There an Environmental Kuznets Curve for Sulfur?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 162-178, March.
  3. Martinez-Alier, J., 1995. "The environment as a luxury good or "too poor to be green"?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 1-10, April.
  4. Susmita Dasgupta & Benoit Laplante & Hua Wang & David Wheeler, 2002. "Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 147-168, Winter.
  5. Stern, David I., 2002. "Explaining changes in global sulfur emissions: an econometric decomposition approach," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 201-220, August.
  6. David I. Stern, 2012. "Ecological Economics," Crawford School Research Papers 1203, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  7. Zhang, Zhongxiang, 2000. "Decoupling China's Carbon Emissions Increase from Economic Growth: An Economic Analysis and Policy Implications," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 739-752, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Anil Markandya & Alexander Golub & Suzette Pedroso-Galinato, 2006. "Empirical Analysis of National Income and SO 2 Emissions in Selected European Countries," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 35(3), pages 221-257, November.
  2. DIAZ-VAZQUEZ, M. Rosario, 2009. "The Dissociation Between Emissions And Economic Growth: The Role Of Shocks Exogenous To The Environmental Kuznets Curve Model," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(2).
  3. CANCELO, M. Teresa, 2010. "The relationship between CO2 and sulphur emissions with income: an alternative explanation to the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(1).

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