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Gravity with Scale Economies

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Author Info

  • Anderson, James

    ()
    (Boston College)

  • Vesselovsky, Mykyta

    ()
    (Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    ()
    (School of Economics LeBow College of Business Drexel University)

Abstract

We extend the structural gravity model to identify external economies or diseconomies of scale elasticities of cross-border trade. We find statistically and quantitatively significant economies of scale in cross-border trade in 5/8ths of sector-direction cases for Canadian provinces while the remaining 3/8ths of cases have constant returns to scale. Incomplete passthrough of large exchange rate changes at two year intervals from 1997 to 2007 is amplified by scale economies to produce direct effects on bilateral trade for 12 of 19 goods sectors but none of 9 services sectors.

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File URL: http://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/162210677/RePEc/drx/wpaper/LeBow%20College%20of%20Business%20Working%20Paper%202014-4.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LeBow College of Business, Drexel University in its series School of Economics Working Paper Series with number 2014-4.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 24 Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2014_004

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Web page: http://www.lebow.drexel.edu/
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Keywords: Gravity; Scale Effects; Exchange Rates; Goods and Services;

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References

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  1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 485, Boston College Department of Economics.
  2. Thierry Mayer & Soledad Zignago, 2011. "Notes on CEPII’s distances measures: The GeoDist database," Working Papers 2011-25, CEPII research center.
  3. James E. Anderson & Yoto V. Yotov, 2008. "The Changing Incidence of Geography," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 698, Boston College Department of Economics.
  4. Kim, MinKyoung & Cho, Guedae & Koo, Won W., 2003. "Asymmetric Pattern Of Intra-Industry Trade Between The United States And Canada," Agribusiness & Applied Economics Report 23625, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  5. Scott L. Baier & Jeffrey H. Bergstrand, 2005. "Do free trade agreements actually increase members’ international trade?," Working Paper 2005-03, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  6. James E. Anderson & Catherine A. Milot & Yoto V. Yotov, 2011. "The Incidence of Geography on Canada's Services Trade," NBER Working Papers 17630, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Elhanan Helpman & Marc Melitz & Yona Rubinstein, 2007. "Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes," NBER Working Papers 12927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-16, March.
  9. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann, 2003. "Augmented Gravity Model: An Empirical Application to Mercosur-European Union Trade Flows," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 291-316, November.
  10. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1996. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," NBER Working Papers 5862, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. James E. Anderson, 2012. "Efficient Policy In A Predatory Economy: To Him Who Hath Shall Be Given?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 53(1), pages 157-174, 02.
  12. Jean-François Brun & Céline Carrère & Patrick Guillaumont & Jaime de Melo, 2005. "Has Distance Died? Evidence from a Panel Gravity Model," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(1), pages 99-120.
  13. Anderson, James E. & Bandiera, Oriana, 2006. "Traders, cops and robbers," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 197-215, September.
  14. Delatte, Anne-Laure & López-Villavicencio, Antonia, 2012. "Asymmetric exchange rate pass-through: Evidence from major countries," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 833-844.
  15. María Pía Olivero & Yoto V. Yotov, 2012. "Dynamic gravity: endogenous country size and asset accumulation," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(1), pages 64-92, February.
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