Exporting and Innovation: Theory and Firm-Level Evidence from the People's Republic of China
AbstractThis paper investigates how exporting affects firm innovation. We embed innovation into a firm heterogeneity model with productivity, where in equilibrium the model shows that exporters invest more in innovation, such as research and development (R&D), than non-exporters. Using firm-level data from the People’s Republic of China (PRC), we apply the Levinsohn and Petrin (2003) method of estimating firm productivity and matching econometrics to control for endogeneity. The results show, on average, in contrast to non-exporters, exporters increase their R&D intensity by more than 5%, raise their R&D expenditure by more than 33%, and are 4% more likely to engage in R&D activity. In addition, we find exporting to have a smaller impact on innovation among firms that export processed goods, specifically, those in the electronics sectors, located in coastal provinces, and foreign-owned.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Asian Development Bank in its series Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration with number 111.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2013
Date of revision:
Exporting; innovation; firm heterogeneity; matching;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2013-06-16 (China)
- NEP-CSE-2013-06-16 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-DEV-2013-06-16 (Development)
- NEP-EFF-2013-06-16 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-INO-2013-06-16 (Innovation)
- NEP-INT-2013-06-16 (International Trade)
- NEP-KNM-2013-06-16 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-TRA-2013-06-16 (Transition Economics)
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