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Rebalancing Growth in the Republic of Korea

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  • Ha, Joonkyung

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Lee, Jong-Wha

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Sumulong, Lea

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

The current account surplus of the Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) increased significantly in the immediate recovery period after the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis. Since then the surplus has gradually diminished, and from 2006 to 2008, the current account was close to being balanced. Econometric analysis reveals that the effect of exchange rate changes on Korea's trade is not robust during non-crisis periods. Exchange rates only significantly affect trade when observations during crisis periods are included. This suggests that exchange rate adjustments alone will not solve the imbalance issue. Korea's external imbalances are not only caused by external factors; they also reflect internal and policy factors such as: (i) saving-investment imbalances; (ii) export-oriented policies; and (iii) the unbalanced structure of manufacturing and services. These internal imbalances result from domestic distortions and structural imbalances arising from market inefficiencies and public policies. These must be addressed to ensure balanced and sustained economic growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Asian Development Bank Institute in its series ADBI Working Papers with number 224.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0224

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Keywords: korea economic growth; korea external imbalances; korea trade;

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  1. Jong-Wha Lee & Warwick J. McKibbin, 2006. "Domestic Investment And External Imbalances In East Asia," CAMA Working Papers 2007-04, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  2. Jong-Wha Lee & Warwick J. McKibbin, 2006. "Domestic Investment And External Imbalances In East Asia," CAMA Working Papers 2007-04, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Christopher D. Carroll & Jody Overland & David N. Weil, 1995. "Saving and growth with habit formation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 95-42, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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Cited by:
  1. Adam Talbot Jones & Cameron Visser, 2014. "Politics, Economics, and the Debt Ceiling," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(2), pages 1222-1228.

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