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Schooling Supply and the Structure of Production: Evidence from US States 1950–1990

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  • Ciccone, Antonio

    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Peri, Giovanni

    (University of California)

Abstract

We find that over the period 1950–1990, states in United States absorbed increases in the supply of schooling due to tighter compulsory schooling and child labor laws mostly through within-industry increases in the schooling intensity of production. Shifts in the industry composition towards more schooling-intensive industries played a less important role. To try and understand this finding theoretically, we consider a free trade model with two goods/industries, two skill types, and many regions that produce a fixed range of differentiated varieties of the same goods. We find that a calibrated version of the model can account for shifts in schooling supply being mostly absorbed through within-industry increases in the schooling intensity of production even if the elasticity of substitution between varieties is substantially higher than estimates in the literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Asian Development Bank in its series ADB Economics Working Paper Series with number 377.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 13 Sep 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0377

Note: http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2013/ewp-377.pdf
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Keywords: human capital; skills; schooling; labor demand; United States;

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