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O Benefício Social Único: uma proposta de reforma da política social no Brasil

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Author Info

  • José Márcio Camargo

    ()
    (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)

  • Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira

    ()
    (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)

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    Abstract

    Após rever brevemente algumas experiências inovadoras em política social na América Latina, o presente trabalho propõe uma reforma dos instrumentos de política social no Brasil. A reforma baseia-se na criação de um benefício social único, de natureza focalizada e condicional, ao qual todo e qualquer cidadão brasileiro vivendo em condições de pobreza teria direito, desde que ele ou outros membros de sua família cumpram com certas condições. Todas estas condições são investimentos na saúde ou educação da própria família, ou contribuições em trabalho comunitário. A estas transferências monetárias, a proposta agrega uma série de intervenções seletivas pelo lado da oferta de educação e saúde, com vistas a aumentar a qualidade destes serviços nas áreas de maior necessidade. Pretende-se assim criar uma política pública integrada para a erradicação da miséria, que combine investimentos de longo prazo em capital humano ao alívio imediato das necessidades mais prementes de qualquer brasileiro comprovadamente pobre, independente de onde viva ou do setor em que trabalhe.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 443.

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    Length: 49 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:443

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    1. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C158-75, March.
    2. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    3. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Andrew F. Newman, 1990. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Discussion Papers 911, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    4. Roland Benabou, 2000. "Unequal Societies: Income Distribution and the Social Contract," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 96-129, March.
    5. Chaudhuri, Shubham & Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "How well do static indicators identify the chronically poor?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 367-394, March.
    6. Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira & Peter Lanjouw & Marcelo Neri, 2000. "A new poverty profile for Brazil using PPV, PNAD and census data," Textos para discussão 418, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    7. Ricardo Paes de Barros & Ricardo Henriques & Rosane Mendonça, 2000. "Education and equitable economic development," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 1(1), pages 111-144, January-J.
    8. José Márcio Camargo & Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira, 2000. "The poverty reduction strategy of the government of Brazil: a rapid appraisal," Textos para discussão 417, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    9. Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Poor, Relatively Speaking," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(2), pages 153-69, July.
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