Returns to Education and Increasing Wage Inequality in Latin America
AbstractThis paper studies a central feature that characterized the changes in wage inequality in Latin America in the 1990s: log wages became a convex function of the level of education. The wage gap between Higher and Intermediate Education increased and the one between Intermediate and Basic Education declined. The double change in the wage di¤erentials was driven by a signicant drop in the mean wage at Intermediate. I develop and simulate a dynamic general equilibrium model of savings and educational choices under credit constraints and uninsurable earningsrisk in which ability is an important component of individual wages. I estimate the parameters of the model using micro data from Mexico. The results show that the convexication was the result of changes in the prices of education due to changes in its supply. Absent the general equilibrium price e¤ects, the changes in ability composition by education needed to produce the convexication would have been unrealistically high.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 30-08.
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision: Jan 2008
Latin America; Wage Inequality; Education Choices; General Equilibrium filtering;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-09-29 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2008-09-29 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-EDU-2008-09-29 (Education)
- NEP-HRM-2008-09-29 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2008-09-29 (Labour Economics)
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- Dilip Mookherjee & Debraj Ray, 2010. "Inequality and Markets: Some Implications of Occupational Diversity," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(4), pages 38-76, November.
- Juan Castro & Gustavo Yamada, 2012. "“Convexification” and “Deconvexification” of the Peruavian Wage Profile: A Tale of Declining Education Quality," Working Papers 12-02, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Apr 2012.
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