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Une histoire asyncrone de l’économie et de l’écologie, et de leurs « passeurs » AN ASYNCHRONOUS HISTORY OF THE ECONOMICS AND ECOLOGY AND TO THEIR « BOATMEN »

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Author Info

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()
    (Université du Littoral / Lille Nord de France, SITE/Clersé, UMR 8019)

  • Patrick MATAGNE

    ()
    (Université de Poitiers, Laboratoire RURALITE, EA 2252)

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    Abstract

    La naissance de l’économie politique est communément liée à la publication en 1776 de « La richesse des nations » par A. Smith, le fondateur de l’école classique. Le principal objet de l’école classique est la production de richesses. Selon Smith, la richesse est le produit du travail et du commerce international. L’écologie devient également une discipline scientifique un siècle plus tard avec notamment les travaux d’E. Haeckel et d’E. Warming. Notre objectif est de revenir sur l’histoire de l’économie en tant que discipline scientifique, et d’étudier son développement en parallèle avec celui de l’écologie – à travers l’écart chronologique d’un siècle entre les deux disciplines. La pollution a pourtant toujours existé, sous des formes différentes. Par exemple, Engels (1883) explique comment des civilisations anciennes (Grèce, Mésopotamie, etc.) ont disparu en raison d’un déséquilibre entre ressources naturelles et besoins humains. Les « passeurs » sont des économistes ou des naturalistes qui ont construit des ponts entre les deux disciplines scientifiques depuis le 19ème siècle. The birth of political economics is commonly linked with the publication in 1776 of “the Wealth of nations” by A. Smith, the founder of the classical School. The main issue of classical economics is the production of wealth. According to Smith, wealth is the result of labour and international trade. Ecology became a scientific discipline too a century later, at the end of the 19th century, especially thanks to the works of E. Haeckel and E. Warming. Our goal is to go back to the basics of political economics as a scientific discipline, and to study the way it developed in parallel with ecology – though there is a chronological gap between both disciplines. Nevertheless, pollution has always existed but it has taken various shapes. For example, Engels (1883) explains how ancient civilizations (Greece, Mesopotamia, and so on) have been partly destroyed because of an imbalance between physical resources and human needs. The “boatmen” are economists or naturalists who have built bridges between the two scientific disciplines since the 19th century.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 37.

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    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: 2014
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    Publication status: Published in Documents de travail du RRI, 2014
    Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:37

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    Keywords: histoire économique; histoire de la théorie économique; histoire des sciences; écologie; economic history; history of the economic thought; history of sciences; ecology;

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    References

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    1. Sophie Boutillier, 2003. "Les économistes et l'écologie, enseignements historiques," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(2), pages 139-165.
    2. Patrick Matagne, 2003. "Aux origines de l'écologie," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(2), pages 27-42.
    3. Burkett, Paul, 2004. "Marx's reproduction schemes and the environment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 457-467, August.
    4. V. Labeyrie & M. Jarry, 1978. "A propos des relations écologie et société," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 124(1), pages 3-9.
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