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la situation des salaries en France stress, chômage, précarité (The status of employees in France stress, unemployment, precariousness)

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  • Denis LANGLET

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    (RRI)

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    Abstract

    « Qui va le plus souffrir de l’implosion de Wall Street en 2008 et 2009 et de la récession mondiale qu’elle a entraîné ? Ce ne sont ni les banquiers ni les financiers à l’origine du désastre… Les salariés des pays développés sont les grands perdants de cette catastrophe économique. » Richard Freeman dans le mensuel Enjeux Les Echos Janvier 2010. Plus loin : « Entre 2007 et octobre 2009, les États- Unis ont perdu près de 8 millions d'emplois, la part de la population active est passée de 63 à 58,5 %. Fin 2009, le taux de chômage a dépassé les 10 %, la durée moyenne de chômage n’a jamais été aussi élevée depuis la grande dépression. Des millions de salariés sont au chômage partiel et des millions d’autres totalement découragés ne cherchent même plus du travail. L’idée selon laquelle la flexibilité est le facteur clé de la lutte contre le chômage n’est plus défendable. La leçon de la récession est donc claire. Ce n’est pas le marché du travail qui est le point faible du capitalisme, c’est le marché financier "Who will suffer most from the implosion of Wall Street in 2008 and 2009 and from the global recession it has caused? This is neither the bankers nor the financiers that are at the origin of the disaster ... The employees of developed countries are the big losers in this economic disaster" (Richard Freeman in Les Echos, January 2010). Further: "Between 2007 and October 2009, the U.S. has lost nearly 8 million jobs, the share of the working population declined from 63 to 58.5%. At the end of 2009, the unemployment rate has exceeded 10%. The average duration of unemployment has never been so high since the Great Depression. Millions of workers are short-time working and millions of others are totally discouraged to try to find a job. The idea that flexibility is the key factor in the fight against unemployment is no longer tenable. The lesson of the recession is clear. The weak point of capitalism is not the labour market but is the financial market".

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 13.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: 2010
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Documents de travail du RRI, 2010
    Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:13

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    Keywords: employment; precariousness; unemployment;

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