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Développement d’une nouvelle génération de capteurs de gaz. Conséquences environnementales DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW GENERATION OF GAS SENSORS. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES

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  • Aimad BIADAD

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Ce rapport présente les différentes technologies de détection des gaz dangereux pour l'homme et l'environnement actuellement sur le marché. Il identifie les avantages et les inconvénients de ces différentes technologies pour permettre à l'utilisateur de faire un choix en fonction de son contexte d'utilisation. Beaucoup d’applications utilisent ce genre de détecteur, mais leur développement nécessite l’amélioration de leurs performances. Côté industriel, le marché global des capteurs chimiques connait une très forte progression (+9,6%/an) depuis la fin des années 2000 avec un volume de 15 milliards de dollars en 2010. Concernant le marché pour les équipements de détection de gaz évalué dans un rapport récent de Global Industry Analysts Inc., il est estimé à 1,24 milliards de dollars US en 2008 et devrait atteindre 1,5 milliards de dollars en 2012. Ce marché, en constante évolution depuis le début des années 90, est partagé en grande partie entre l’Amérique du Nord (USA et Canada) et l’Europe. Ceci étant, avec la rapide industrialisation de pays émergents asiatiques et sud-américains, ce marché promet un essor spectaculaire surtout avec la forte demande due aux préoccupations de notre temps en matière d’environnement, de sécurité et de contrôle des procédés. Ces dispositifs de détection offrent potentiellement des applications dans les principaux domaines qui sont le transport, l’environnement, la santé, l’industrie et l’agroalimentaire. This report presents the different detection technologies of gases hazardous to humans and the environment currently on the market. It identifies the advantages and disadvantages of these technologies to allow the user to make a choice based on its context of use. Many applications use this type of detector, but their development requires improving their performance. On the industrial side, the global market for chemical sensors is experiencing very strong growth (+9.6%/year) since the late 2000s with a volume of $15 billion in 2010. Concerning the market for gas detection equipment evaluated in a recent report by Global Industry Analysts Inc., it is estimated at $1.24 billion in 2008 and should reach $1.5 billion in 2012. This market, evolving constantly since the early 90s, is largely shared between the North America (USA and Canada) and Europe. That being said, with the rapid industrialization of emerging Asian and South American market, this market promises a dramatic growth especially with the high demand due to current concerns in terms of environment, security and process control. These sensing devices potentially offer applications to the main areas that are transportation, environment, health, industry and the food sector.

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    File Function: First version, 2013
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 260.

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    Length: 18 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2013
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Janvier 2013
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:260

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    Keywords: détection des gaz; industrialisation; conséquences environnementales;

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