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Politique de clusterisation et systèmes sectoriels d’innovation en Pologne: le cas des TIC à Gdansk CLUSTERING POLICY AND SECTORAL SYSTEMS OF INNOVATION IN POLAND: THE CASE OF THE ICTS IN GDANSK

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  • Maria LOREK

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Si les clusters sont considérés comme des moyens pratiques permettant d'accroître l'avantage concurrentiel des économies locales (Porter, 1994) c'est aussi grâce à leur capacité à encourager l'innovation sectorielle, ce qui participe à l'efficacité (performance) du système sectoriel d'innovation (SSI). Nous allons chercher à tester ce constat en prenant l'exemple de la politique de clusterisation en Pologne qui vise à favoriser le développement de l'innovation dans les différents secteurs de haute technologie. En raison de son intensité en technologie et en ressources humaines hautement qualifiées, nous centrons notre analyse sur le cluster des TIC (Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication) dans la région de Gdansk. Nous nous intéressons enfin aux innovations créées au sein de ce cluster pour déterminer si elles sont bénéfiques pour l'ensemble du secteur des TIC en Pologne. If clusters are considered as practical means allowing to increase the competitive advantage of local economies (Porter, 1994) it is also due to their capacity to boost sectoral innovation, which participates to the efficiency (performance) of the sectoral system of innovation. We will test this statement by taking the example of the cluster policy in Poland which aims to facilitate the development of innovation in the various high-technology sectors. Because of his intensity in technology and in highly qualified human resources, we focus our analysis on the ICT cluster (information and communication technologies) in the region of Gdansk. We particularly study the innovations created within this cluster to determine if they are beneficial for the whole ICT sector in Poland.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 257.

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    Length: 20 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2012
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Septembre 2012
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:257

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    Keywords: innovation sectorielle; clusters; TIC; Pologne;

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    1. Bart van Ark & Marcin Piatkowski, 2004. "Productivity, innovation and ICT in Old and New Europe," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 215-246, January.
    2. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2009," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 66 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou, 7.
    3. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report in Brief 2009," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 65 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou, 7.
    4. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2009 (Arabic)," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 68 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou, 7.
    5. Blandine Laperche & Maria Lorek & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2011. "Crise et reconversion des milieux industrialo-portuaires : dépendance de sentier ou renouveau économique ? Les exemples de Dunkerque (France) et de Gdansk (Pologne)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 341-368.
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