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Innovations technologiques, mobilité et demande de main-d’oeuvre qualifiée. Une analyse des industries tunisiennes (Technological innovations, mobility and skilled-labour deamnd : an analysis of tunisian industries)

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  • Sami SAAFI

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    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Abstract

    L’objectif de cet article est de déterminer les effets de la diffusion des innovations technologiques sur la demande de la main d'oeuvre qualifiée pour le cas d’un pays en développement (en l’occurrence la Tunisie). Cette étude présente trois originalités. La première tient à la prise en compte des coûts d'ajustement. La deuxième originalité tient à la mesure de l’innovation. La troisième originalité tient à la nature de données utilisées. L'étude économétrique montre l'existence d'un biais technologique, qui favorise la demande des cadres -supposés la main-d'oeuvre la plus qualifiée-par les industries. A cet effet s'ajoute un second effet favorable à la main d'oeuvre qualifiée: cette dernière est plus fortement complémentaire au capital que les ouvriers, qui sont supposés la main-d'oeuvre non qualifiée.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 206.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2009
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, January 2009
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:206

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