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Jus naturae et gentium fondements romains du droit international (jus naturae et gentium the roman foundations of international law) Abstract: L'Antiquité romaine a connu alternativement des périodes d'influence du jus naturae et gentium et des périodes de politique de contrôle et de domination militaire. La période de forte domination politique et militaire, d’une durée de presque deux siècles, a été, génériquement, dénommée Pax Romana. De cette alternance, de cette tension dialectique, est née l’idée de l’articulation, sur la voie du droit positif (et non pas seulement naturel), d’un système complexe et novateur de normes juridiques « internationales » (avant la lettre). Pratiquement, le jus gentium trouve son origine à la fois dans le jus praetorium et dans l’importante jurisprudentia des jurisconsultes, pendant la fin de la Respublica Romana et tout au long de la plus grande partie du Principatum Romanum. On a cherché, toutefois, à séparer le jus civile (applicable exclusivement aux citoyens Romains) du jus gentium (comme ensemble de normes valables pour tous les peuples). Ce jus gentium se trouvera dans les fondements de la création du droit international tout au long du Moyen Âge. The Roman antiquity had known jus naturae and jus gentium periods but also politically control and military domination times. The most important strong politico-military domination that lasted almost two centuries has been generally named Pax Romana. This dialectic tension and alternance gave birth to the idea of creating (through the positive law and not necessarily natural) a complex and innovative system of « international » juridical rules. Practically, jus gentium has found its origins in jus praetorium and in legal counselors’ jurisprudence until the end of Republica Romana and during the bigger part of Principatum Romanum. It was an attempt to separate jus civile (exclusively applicable to Roman citizens) of jus gentium (as a normative system available to each person regardless the citizenship). We will see the jus gentium as the foundation of International Law creation during the Middle Age

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  • Valerius M. Ciuca Aurora CIUCA

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

  • Aurora Ciuca

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 164.

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    Length: 11 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2007
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    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Octobre 2007
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:164

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    Keywords: the reman; international law;

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