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Politique publique et création d’entreprise une analyse contemporaine du capitalisme amenage de j. m.keynes (public policy and business creation a contemporary analysis of j.m keynes’ approach of capitalism)

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  • Sophie Boutillier

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Pendant la crise des années 1930, l’idée fondamentale de J. M. Keynes est de soutenir la demande pour créer des marchés. Aider les pauvres, c’est aider le capitalisme ! Les années de croissance 1950-1970 en ont bénéficié. La crise économique des années remet en cause ce schéma d’intervention, en raison de l’intensification de la concurrence internationale, de l’apparition des nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication et des marchés financiers. Depuis les années 1980, les Etats privilégient la création d’entreprise plutôt que les indemnités de chômage. L’objectif est de créer un cadre propice au développement des affaires, soit de redéfinir le rôle de l’Etat en privilégiant l’offre. Ce texte analyse la politique de création d’entreprise de la France, du Royaume-Uni et de l’Allemagne et compare leur classement au regard de l’indicateur du climat des affaires de la Banque mondiale. During the crisis of the 30’s, the main idea of J. M. Keynes was based on promoting demand to create new markets. Helping the poor to survive helps capitalism! This policy was instrumental in the economic growth from the 1950’s to the 1970’s. The economic crisis calls into question this scheme of intervention. The economic and social context had changed: harsh international competition, development of information and communication technologies and financial markets. Since the 1980’s, the State has promoted the creation of new enterprises in order to reduce unemployment. This paper analyses the policies for setting up businesses in France, the United-Kingdom and Germany and compares their ranking according to the World Bank‘s business climate indicators.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 154.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Mai 2007
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:154

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Keywords: public policy; JM Keynes; buisiness creation;

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Cited by:
  1. Sophie BOUTILLIER & Beatriz CASTILLA RAMOS, 2010. "Les petites et moyennes entreprises au Mexique « capitalisme aménagé » et réseaux sociaux (small and medium enterprises in Mexico a contemporary analysis of j. m. Keynes’ approach of capitalism," Working Papers 227, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

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