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Evaluation des émissions de polluants atmosphériques du trafic routier. modèles agréges statiques d’affectation (Assessment of the pollutant air emissions caused by the road traffic using the aggregate static assignment models)

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  • Noomen Guirat

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Abstract

    Les modèles statiques d’affectation sont couramment utilisés pour gérer les réseaux routiers, et sont souvent repris pour évaluer les émissions car ils présentent le double avantage d’être simples à manipuler et de fournir des résultats facilement utilisables. Plusieurs modèles étaient développés et modernisés ces dernières années, années de la montée, d’un côté des préoccupations environnementales, et de l’autre la spectaculaire croissance démographique urbaine. Les questions environnementales exercent une pression toujours plus forte tant au niveau de l’ampleur des risques envisagés qu’à travers leur prise en compte dans les jeux des acteurs économiques et sociaux à l’échelle locale comme au niveau international. L’avènement de cette société urbaine s’illustre par le fait que plus des deux tiers de la population mondiale vivent aujourd’hui en ville, développant une culture spécifique et dominante ; les transports routiers, auxquels on associe bien souvent congestion, pollution atmosphérique et nuisances sonores, tiennent une place de choix entre ces deux préoccupations. Static assignment models are frequently used to manage the road networks, and are often repeated to assess the emissions because they present the double advantage to be simple for using and giving easy results. Many models, in the transport domain, were developed and modernized last years, years of the ascent of the environmental preoccupations and the spectacularly urban demographic growth. Environmental questions have a great pressure at both the extent of considered risks and through their consideration in the economic and social games at the local and international levels. The advent of this urban society appears clearly if we know that more than 66% of the population in the world live today in towns, developing a specific and dominant culture. The road transports, to witch we associate usually congestion, air pollution and harmful emissions for sound, hold the choice between those preoccupations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 145.

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    Length: 16 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2007
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Mars 2007
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:145

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    Keywords: pollutant air emissions; road trafic; state assignment models; environment; urbain demographic;

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