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Innovation et proximité entreprises, entrepreneurs et milieux innovateurs (Innovation and proximity enterprises, entrepreneurs and clusters)

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  • Dimitri Uzunidis

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

La nature systémique des relations qui caractérisent un milieu économique et social explique en effet ce qui favorise ou non l’acte d’innover. Seulement, doit-on réduire l’innovation, produit du milieu, aux seuls échanges inter-individuels débouchant sur une nouvelle combinaison productive ? Résulte-t-elle uniquement d’une organisation spécifique des relations économiques ? Notre thèse est que la systémique du milieu ne se réfère pas uniquement aux interactions économiques mais prend aussi en considération les structures sociales qui sont à l’origine de ces comportements innovateurs. Or, les institutions (État, collectivités locales) tiennent un rôle significatif dans l’organisation et l’évolution des structures socio-économiques. Et en retour le milieu innovateur contribue à la performance innovante des entreprises par l’offre des ressources scientifiques et techniques qu’il peut organiser. The systemic nature of the relationships which characterise an economic and social milieu explains what gives (or not) incentives to innovation. However, should we reduce innovation, product of the milieu, only to inter-individual exchanges resulting in a new productive combination? Is innovation only the result of a specific organisation of economic relations? Our thesis is that the systemic of the milieu does not only refer to economic interactions but also takes into account the social structures which are at the origin of innovative behaviours. However, institutions (the State, local authorities) play an important role in the organisation and the evolution of socio-economic structures. In turn, the innovative milieu contributes to the innovative results of enterprises, thanks to the supply management of scientific and technical resources.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 144.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Février 2007
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:144

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Keywords: innovations; enterprise; clusters; entrepreneurs;

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References

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  1. Fontagné, Lionel & Lorenzi, Jean-Hervé, 2005. "Désindustrialisation, délocalisations," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/129, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Sophie Boutillier, 2001. "L'utilité marginale de l'entrepreneur," Innovations, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 13(1), pages 17-42.
  3. Blandine Laperche, 2002. "The Four Key Factors for Commercialising Research: The Case of a Young University in a Region in Crisis," Higher Education Management and Policy, OECD Publishing, vol. 14(3), pages 149-175.
  4. Richardson, G B, 1972. "The Organisation of Industry," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(327), pages 883-96, September.
  5. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988, June.
  6. Bernadette Madeuf & Denis Carre & Gilliane Lefebvre & Christian Milelli, 2005. "Tic et économie de la proximité : organisation et localisation de la recherche & développement au sein des entreprises globales," Innovations, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 21(1), pages 243-272.
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